Space Science Reviews

, Volume 123, Issue 1–3, pp 417–451 | Cite as

ICMEs at High Latitudes and in the Outer Heliosphere

Report of Working Group H
  • P. R. Gazis
  • A. Balogh
  • S. Dalla
  • R. Decker
  • B. Heber
  • T. Horbury
  • A. Kilchenmann
  • J. Kota
  • H. Kucharek
  • H. Kunow
  • D. Lario
  • M. S. Potgieter
  • J. D. Richardson
  • P. Riley
  • L. Rodriguez
  • G. Siscoe
  • R. von Steiger
Article

Abstract

Interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) propagate into the outer heliosphere, where they can have a significant effect on the structure, evolution, and morphology of the solar wind, particularly during times of high solar activity. They are known to play an important role in cosmic ray modulation and the acceleration of energetic particles. ICMEs are also believed to be associated with the large global transient events that swept through the heliosphere during the declining phases of solar cycles 21 and 22. But until recently, little was known about the actual behavior of ICMEs at large heliographic latitudes and large distances from the Sun. Over the past decade, the Ulysses spacecraft has provided in situ observations of ICMEs at moderate heliographic distances over a broad range of heliographic latitudes. More recently, observations of alpha particle enhancements, proton temperature depressions, and magnetic clouds at the Voyager and Pioneer spacecraft have begun to provide comparable information regarding the behavior of ICMEs at extremely large heliocentric distances. At the same time, advances in modeling have provided new insights into the dynamics and evolution of ICMEs and their effects on cosmic rays and energetic particles.

Keywords

ICMEs outer heliosphere coronal mass ejections 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Gazis
    • 1
  • A. Balogh
    • 2
  • S. Dalla
    • 3
  • R. Decker
    • 4
  • B. Heber
    • 5
  • T. Horbury
    • 2
  • A. Kilchenmann
    • 6
  • J. Kota
    • 7
  • H. Kucharek
    • 8
  • H. Kunow
    • 5
  • D. Lario
    • 9
  • M. S. Potgieter
    • 9
  • J. D. Richardson
    • 10
  • P. Riley
    • 11
  • L. Rodriguez
    • 12
  • G. Siscoe
    • 13
  • R. von Steiger
    • 6
  1. 1.SJSU FoundationNASA Ames Research CenterMoffett FieldUSA
  2. 2.Imperial CollegeLondonEngland
  3. 3.University of ManchesterManchesterEngland
  4. 4.Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics LabLaurelUSA
  5. 5.Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu KielKielGermany
  6. 6.International Space Science InstituteBernSwitzerland
  7. 7.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  8. 8.University of New HampshireDurhamUSA
  9. 9.Potchefstroom UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa
  10. 10.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCenter for Space ResearchCambridgeUSA
  11. 11.Science Applications International CorporationSan DiegoUSA
  12. 12.Max-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungKatlenburg-LindauGermany
  13. 13.Boston UniversityBostonUSA

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