Space Science Reviews

, Volume 123, Issue 1–3, pp 217–250 | Cite as

Energetic Particle Observations

Report of Working Group C
  • B. Klecker
  • H. Kunow
  • H. V. Cane
  • S. Dalla
  • B. Heber
  • K. Kecskemety
  • K.-L. Klein
  • J. Kota
  • H. Kucharek
  • D. Lario
  • M. A. Lee
  • M. A. Popecki
  • A. Posner
  • J. Rodriguez-Pacheco
  • T. Sanderson
  • G. M. Simnett
  • E. C. Roelof
Article

Abstract

The characteristics of solar energetic particles (SEP) as observed in interplanetary space provide fundamental information about the origin of these particles, and the acceleration and propagation processes at the Sun and in interplanetary space. Furthermore, energetic particles provide information on the development and structure of coronal mass ejections as they propagate from the solar corona into the interplanetary medium. In this paper we review the measurements of energetic particles in interplanetary space and discuss their implication for our understanding of the sources, and of acceleration and propagation processes.

Key Words

solar energetic particles energetic particle propagation energetic particle accelerataion energetic particle composition energetic particle ionic charge states solar electrons shock acceleration interplanetary coronal mass ejections 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Klecker
    • 1
  • H. Kunow
    • 2
  • H. V. Cane
    • 3
  • S. Dalla
    • 4
  • B. Heber
    • 2
  • K. Kecskemety
    • 5
  • K.-L. Klein
    • 6
  • J. Kota
    • 7
  • H. Kucharek
    • 8
  • D. Lario
    • 9
  • M. A. Lee
    • 8
  • M. A. Popecki
    • 8
  • A. Posner
    • 10
  • J. Rodriguez-Pacheco
    • 11
  • T. Sanderson
    • 12
  • G. M. Simnett
    • 13
  • E. C. Roelof
    • 9
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut fürextraterrestrische PhysikGarchingGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte PhysikUniversity of KielKielGermany
  3. 3.School of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of TasmaniaTasmaniaAustralia
  4. 4.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  5. 5.Hungarian Academy of SciencesCentral Research Institute for PhysicsBudapestHungary
  6. 6.Observatoire de ParisMeudonFrance
  7. 7.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  8. 8.University of New HampshireDurhamUSA
  9. 9.Applied Physics LaboratoryJohns Hopkins UniversityLaurelUSA
  10. 10.Southwest Research InstituteSpace Science and Engineering DivisionSan AntonioUSA
  11. 11.Space Research Group, Departamento de FisicaUniversidad de Alcalá, Ctra. Madrid-BarcelonaAlcalá de HenaresEspana
  12. 12.Space Science Dept. of ESANoordwijkThe Netherlands
  13. 13.School of Physics and Space ResearchUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK

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