Space Science Reviews

, Volume 123, Issue 1–3, pp 45–56 | Cite as

An Introduction to CMEs and Energetic Particles

  • H. V. CaneEmail author
  • D. Lario


Energetic particle observations in the interplanetary medium provide fundamental information about the origin, development and structure of coronal mass ejections. This paper reviews the status of our understanding of the ways in which particles are energised at the Sun in association with CMEs. This understanding will remain incomplete until the relationship between CMEs and flares is determined and we know the topology of the associated magnetic fields. The paper also discusses the characteristics of interplanetary CMEs that may be probed using particle observations.


Solar Wind Cane Coronal Mass Ejection Energetic Particle Solar Energetic Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bothmer, V., Marsden, R. G., Sanderson, T. R., Trattner, K. J., Wenzel, K.-P., Balogh, A., et al.: 1995, grl 22, 3369–3372.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Cane, H.: 1982, in Solar Wind Five, JPL, Pasadena, pp. 703–709.Google Scholar
  3. Cane, H. V.: 1996, in: Ramaty, R., Mandzhavidze, N., and Hua, X. M. (eds.), High Energy Solar Physics, AIP, Woodberry, N.Y., pp. 124–130.Google Scholar
  4. Cane, H. V.: 2000, Space Sci. Rev. 93, 55–77.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Cane, H. V.: 2003, apj 598, 1403–1408.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Cane, H. V. and Erickson, W. C.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108(A5), SSH 8–1, doi: 10.1029/2002JA009488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cane, H. V., Erickson, W. C., and Prestage, N. P.: 2002, J. Geophys. Res. 107(A10), SSH 14–1, doi: 10.1029/2001JA000320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cane, H. V., McGuire, R. E., and von Rosenvinge, T. T.: 1986, apj 301, 448–459.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Cane, H. V., Reames, D. V., and von Rosenvinge, T. T.: 1988, jgr 93, 9555–9567.ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Cane, H. V. and Richardson, I. G.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108(A4), SSH 6–1, doi: 10.1029/2002JA009817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cliver, E. W., Kahler, S. W., Neidig, D. F., Cane, H. V., Richardson, I. G., Kallenrode, M.-B., et al.: 1995, Vol. 4 in: Proc. 24th Int. Cosmic Ray Conf., pp. 257–260.Google Scholar
  12. Cohen, C. M. S., Mewaldt, R. A., Leske, R. A., Cummings, A. C., Stone, E. C., Wiedenbeck, M. E., et al.: 1999, grl 26, 2697–3000.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Dalla, S., Balogh, A., Krucker, S., Posner, A., Müller-Mellin, R., Anglin, J. D., et al.: 2003, grl 30, ULY9–1, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Desai, M. I., Mason, G. M., Dwyer, J. R., Mazur, J. E., Gold, S. M., Krimigis, R. E., et al.: 2003, apj 588, 1149–1162.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Forbes, T. G., Linker, J. A., et al.: 2006, Space Sci. Rev., this volume.Google Scholar
  16. Haggerty, D. K. and Roelof, E. C.: 2002, apj 579, 841–853.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Kahler, S. W., Hildner, E., and van Hollebeke, M. A. I.: 1978, solphys 57, 429–443.ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Kallenrode, M.-B.: 2001, jgr 106, 24989–25004.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Klecker, H., Kunow, H., et al.: 2006, Space Sci. Rev., this volume.Google Scholar
  20. Klein, K.-L., Chupp, E. L., Trottet, G., Magun, A., Dunphy, P. P., Rieger, E., et al.: 1999, aap 348, 271–285.Google Scholar
  21. Kocharov, G. E., Kovaltsov, G. A., and Kocharov, L. G.: 1983, Proc. 18th Intern. Cosmic Ray Conference 4, 105–108.Google Scholar
  22. Kochorov, L., Kovaltsov, G. A., Torsti, J., and Ostryakov, V. M.: 2000, aap 357, 716–724.ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Lario, D.: 2005, asr 36, 2279–2288.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  24. Lario, D., Decker, R. B., Roelof, E. C., Reisenfeld, D. B., and Sanderson, T. R.: 2004, jgr 109, A01107, doi:10.1029/2003JA010071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lario, D., Roelof, E. C., Decker, R. B., and Reisenfled, D. B.: 2003, asr 32, 579–584.Google Scholar
  26. Lario, D., Sanahuja, B., and Heras, A. M.: 1998, apj 509, 415–434.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Leske, R. A., Mewaldt, R. A., Cummings, A. C., Stone, E. C., and von Rosenvinge, T. T.: 2001, AIP Conf. Proc. 598: Joint SOHO/ACE workshop “Solar and Galactic Composition”. pp. 171–176.Google Scholar
  28. Lin, R. P.: 1970, solphys 12, 266–303.ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Luhn, A., Hovestadt, D., Klecker, B., Scholer, M., Gloeckler, G., Ipavich, F. M., et al.: 1985, Proc. 19th Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf. 4, 241–244.Google Scholar
  30. Marsden, R. G., Sanderson, T. R., Tranquille, K.-P., Wenzel, C., and Smith, E. J.: 1987, jgr 92, 11009–11019.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. McKibben, R. B., Lopate, C., and Zhang, M.: 2001, ssr 97, 257–262.ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Möbius, E., Cao, Y., Popecki, M. A., Kistler, L. M., Kucharek, H., Morris, D., et al.: 2003, Proc. 28th Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf. 4, 3273–3276.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Ng, C. K., Reames, D. V., and Tylka, A. J.: 2003, apj 591, 461–485.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Oetliker, M., Klecker, B., Hovestadt, D., Mason, G. M., Mazur, J. E., Leske, R. A., et al.: 1997, apj 477, 495–501.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Popecki, M. A., Mazur, J., Möbius, E., Klecker, B., Bogdanov, A., Mason, M. A., et al.: 2003, Int. Cosmic Ray Conf. 4, 3283–3286.ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. Posner, A. and Kunow, H.: 2003, Proc. 28th Intern. Cosmic Ray Conf. 4, 3309–3312.ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Reames, D. V.: 1999, Space Sci. Rev. 90, 413–491.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Rice, W. K. M., Zank, G. P., and Li, G.: 2003, jgr 108(A10), 1369, DOI:10.1029/2002JA009756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Richardson, I. G.: 1997, in: Crooker, N., Joselyn, J. A., and Feynman, J. (eds.), Coronal Mass Ejections, AGU Geophysical Monograph, 99, pp. 189–198.Google Scholar
  40. Richardson, I. G. and Cane, H. V.: 1996, jgr 101, 27521–27532.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. Richardson, I. G., Dvornikov, V. M., Sdobnov, V. E., and Cane, H. V.: 2000, jgr 105, 12579–12592.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Sanderson, T. R., Marsden, R. G., Tranquille, C., Dalla, S., Forsyth, R. J., Gosling, J. T., et al.: 2003, grl 30(19), 8036, doi:10.1029/2003GL017306.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Smith, Z., Murtagh, W., and Smithtro, C.: 2004, jgr 109(A1), A01110, doi:10.1029/2004JA010044.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Torsti, J., Kocharov, L., Innes, D. E., Laivola, J., and Sahla, T.: 2001, aap 365, 198–203.ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. Torsti, J., Laivola, J., and Kocharov, L.: 2003, aap 408, L1–L4.ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Tsurutani, B. T. and Lin, R.: 1985, jgr 90, 1–11.ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Vandegriff, J., Wagstaff, K., Ho, G., and Plauger, J.: 2005, asr 36(12), 2323–2327.Google Scholar
  48. Wagner, W. J. and MacQueen, R. M.: 1983, aap 120, 136–138.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of TasmaniaTasmaniaAustralia
  2. 2.Applied Physics LaboratoryJohns Hopkins UniversityLaurelUSA

Personalised recommendations