Systemic Practice and Action Research

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 173–200 | Cite as

How Lemmings on Wheels Can Make a U-Turn Through Social Inclusion and Democracy

  • Janet McIntyre-Mills
  • Denise de Vries
Original Paper


The challenge is (a) to balance both centralised control to preserve the global commons and (b) to involve people in policy making so that they feel culturally engaged and committed to the policy. Dictatorships and forms of World government from above to support the global commons are no more of an answer than forms of liberal democracy that do not engage people in between national elections. Passive voting does not help people in diverse democracies to engage in thinking through ‘if then scenarios’ about their social, economic and environmental future.


Design Reframing Sustainability 



Denise de Vries has undertaken research with McIntyre funded by the Australian Research Council.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Flinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.School of Computer Science, Engineering and MathematicsFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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