Social Justice Research

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 297–313 | Cite as

Are Perceptions of Organizational Justice Universal? An Exploration of Measurement Invariance Across Thirteen Cultures

  • Ronald Fischer
  • Maria Cristina Ferreira
  • Ding-Yu Jiang
  • Bor-Shiuan Cheng
  • Mustapha M. Achoui
  • Corbin C. Wong
  • Gulfidan Baris
  • Socorro Mendoza
  • Nathalie van Meurs
  • Donna Achmadi
  • Arif Hassan
  • Gunes Zeytinoglu
  • Figen Dalyan
  • Charles Harb
  • Dania D. Darwish
  • Eveline M. Assmar


Previous research examined whether justice effects are comparable, focusing on quantitative differences in justice effects. This study examines whether justice perceptions are structured similarly or whether they are qualitatively different across working populations from 13 nations. Confirmatory factor analysis and multi-group analysis show that Colquitt’s (J Appl Psychol 86:386–400, 2001) four-dimensional model of justice works well across these samples. However, factor intercorrelations and reliabilities are found to systematically vary between cultural samples. Perceptions of justice are more highly intercorrelated in power distant and collectivistic samples, in line with extensions of the relational model of authority. Score reliabilities were lower in collectivistic settings.


Organizational justice Power distance Collectivism Equivalence Invariance Multi-group factor analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Fischer
    • 1
  • Maria Cristina Ferreira
    • 2
  • Ding-Yu Jiang
    • 3
  • Bor-Shiuan Cheng
    • 4
  • Mustapha M. Achoui
    • 5
  • Corbin C. Wong
    • 6
  • Gulfidan Baris
    • 7
  • Socorro Mendoza
    • 1
  • Nathalie van Meurs
    • 8
  • Donna Achmadi
    • 1
  • Arif Hassan
    • 9
  • Gunes Zeytinoglu
    • 7
  • Figen Dalyan
    • 7
  • Charles Harb
    • 10
  • Dania D. Darwish
    • 10
  • Eveline M. Assmar
    • 11
  1. 1.Victoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Salgado de Oliveira UniversityRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.National Chung-Cheng UniversityMinhsiungTaiwan
  4. 4.National Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.Arab Open UniversityKuwaitKuwait
  6. 6.Deutsche Bank AGNew YorkUSA
  7. 7.Anadolu UniversityEskisehirTurkey
  8. 8.Middlesex University Business SchoolLondonUK
  9. 9.International Islamic University MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  10. 10.American University of BeirutBeirutLebanon
  11. 11.Salgado de Oliveira UniversityNiteroiBrazil

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