Social Justice Research

, Volume 23, Issue 2–3, pp 211–238 | Cite as

The Justice Sensitivity Inventory: Factorial Validity, Location in the Personality Facet Space, Demographic Pattern, and Normative Data

  • Manfred SchmittEmail author
  • Anna Baumert
  • Mario Gollwitzer
  • Jürgen Maes


This article investigates the psychometric properties of a self-report inventory for measuring individual differences in four components of justice sensitivity (JS): victim sensitivity, observer sensitivity, beneficiary sensitivity, and perpetrator sensitivity. A representative sample (N = 2510) was employed to (a) estimate the reliability of a newly developed perpetrator sensitivity scale, (b) test the factorial validity of this scale together with three previously developed scales (victim, observer, and beneficiary sensitivity), (c) estimate correlations between JS and demographic variables (gender, age, education, employment status, marital status, and residency in East versus West Germany), and (d) provide normative data for the computation of standard scores. A demographically heterogeneous convenience sample (N = 327) was used to locate the JS dimensions in the personality space of narrow facet factors. Results from confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated the factorial validity of the JS scales. Regression analyses with JS scales as criteria and personality facet scales as predictors suggested that JS cannot be reduced to combinations of personality facets. Demographic effects were small, explaining a maximum of 1.4% of JS variance. Women and East Germans were found to be more justice sensitive than men and West Germans, respectively. Victim sensitivity decreased with age; perpetrator sensitivity decreased with education. Taken together, our results corroborate the validity of the JS Inventory and contribute to a better psychological understanding of JS.


Personality facets Justice perceptions Justice-related traits Five-factor model of personality Perpetrator sensitivity 



We thank Christine Altstötter-Gleich for assessing participants in Sample 2 and Christine Platzer for providing items for an earlier version of the perpetrator sensitivity scale. We thank Jane Thompson for helpful comments on this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Schmitt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Baumert
    • 1
  • Mario Gollwitzer
    • 2
  • Jürgen Maes
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Koblenz-LandauLandauGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyPhilipps-University MarburgMarburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of EducationUniversität der Bundeswehr MünchenNeubibergGermany

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