Solar Physics

, 293:121 | Cite as

The New SCIAMACHY Reference Solar Spectral Irradiance and Its Validation

  • T. HilbigEmail author
  • M. WeberEmail author
  • K. Bramstedt
  • S. Noël
  • J. P. Burrows
  • J. M. Krijger
  • R. Snel
  • M. Meftah
  • L. Damé
  • S. Bekki
  • D. Bolsée
  • N. Pereira
  • D. Sluse


This paper describes a new reference solar spectrum retrieved from measurements of the satellite instrument SCIAMACHY in the wavelength region from \(0.24~\upmu\mbox{m}\) to \(2.4~\upmu\mbox{m}\) and its comparison with several other established solar reference spectra. The SCIAMACHY reference spectrum was recorded early in the mission before substantial optical degradation due to the harsh space environment sets in. The radiometric calibration of SCIAMACHY, applied in this study, includes a physical model of the scanner unit. Furthermore, SCIAMACHY’s internal white light source (WLS) is used to correct for on-ground to in-flight changes. The resultant calibrated solar spectrum from SCIAMACHY is in good agreement with several available solar spectral irradiance (SSI) references in the visible spectral range. Strong throughput losses due to detector icing in the near infrared (NIR) are now adequately accounted for. Nevertheless, a deficit with respect to the ATLAS-3 composite and SORCE/SIM SSI is observed in the NIR. However, the SCIAMACHY solar reference spectrum agrees well with the recently re-evaluated SOLAR/SOLSPEC-ISS and recent ground measurements taken at Mauna Loa in the NIR.


Solar irradiance Spectrum SCIAMACHY Instrumentation and data management 



SCIAMACHY is a national contribution to the ESA Envisat project, funded by Germany, The Netherlands, and Belgium. The authors thank ESA for providing the SCIAMACHY data and the SCIAMACHY Quality Working Group for their work on SCIAMACHY level 1 data. The support from the ESA SCILOV-15, EU SOLID projects, the SCIASOL project under the BMBF priority programme ROMIC (Role of the Middle Atmosphere in Climate), and the University of Bremen is gratefully acknowledged. The work by M. Meftah, L. Damé and S. Bekki was supported by the project ‘SOLSPEC’ from the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES).

Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental PhysicsUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.SRON Netherlands Institute for Space ResearchUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Earth Space SolutionsUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Science & TechnologyUtrechtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.TNODelftThe Netherlands
  6. 6.LATMOSUniversité Paris Saclay, UVSQ, CNRSGuyancourtFrance
  7. 7.Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB)BrusselsBelgium

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