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Solar Physics

, 293:115 | Cite as

LOFAR Observations of Fine Spectral Structure Dynamics in Type IIIb Radio Bursts

  • I. N. SharykinEmail author
  • E. P. Kontar
  • A. A. Kuznetsov
Article

Abstract

Solar radio emission features a large number of fine structures demonstrating great variability in frequency and time. We present spatially resolved spectral radio observations of type IIIb bursts in the 30 – 80 MHz range made by the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR). The bursts show well-defined fine frequency structuring called “stria” bursts. The spatial characteristics of the stria sources are determined by the propagation effects of radio waves; their movement and expansion speeds are in the range of \((0.1\,\mbox{--}\,0.6)c\). Analysis of the dynamic spectra reveals that both the spectral bandwidth and the frequency drift rate of the striae increase with an increase of their central frequency. The striae bandwidths are in the range of \({\approx}\,(20\,\mbox{--}\,100)\) kHz and the striae drift rates vary from zero to \({\approx}\,0.3~\mbox{MHz}\,\mbox{s}^{-1}\). The observed spectral characteristics of the stria bursts are consistent with the model involving modulation of the type III burst emission mechanism by small-amplitude fluctuations of the plasma density along the electron beam path. We estimate that the relative amplitude of the density fluctuations is of \(\Delta n/n\sim10^{-3}\), their characteristic length scale is less than 1000 km, and the characteristic propagation speed is in the range of \(400\,\mbox{--}\,800~\mbox{km}\,\mbox{s}^{-1}\). These parameters indicate that the observed fine spectral structures could be produced by propagating magnetohydrodynamic waves.

Keywords

Corona, radio emission Radio bursts, type III Turbulence 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work has benefited from a Marie Curie International Research Staff Exchange Scheme “Radiosun” (PEOPLE-2011-IRSES-295272), an international team grant ( http://www.issibern.ch/teams/lofar/ ) from ISSI Bern, Switzerland, the Program No. 28 of the RAS Presidium, and budgetary funding of Basic Research program II.16. E.P.K. was supported by Science and Technology Facilities Council Grant (STFC) No. ST/P000533/1. This paper is based (in part) on data obtained from facilities of the International LOFAR Telescope (ILT) under project code LC3-012. LOFAR (van Haarlem et al., 2013) is the Low Frequency Array designed and constructed by ASTRON. It has observing, data processing, and data storage facilities in several countries, which are owned by various parties (each with their own funding sources), and that are collectively operated by the ILT foundation under a joint scientific policy. The ILT resources have benefited from the following recent major funding sources: CNRS-INSU, Observatoire de Paris and Université d’Orléans, France; BMBF, MIWF-NRW, MPG, Germany; Science Foundation Ireland (SFI), Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation (DBEI), Ireland; NWO, The Netherlands; The Science and Technology Facilities Council, UK.

Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

The authors claim that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Space Research Institute (IKI)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Solar-Terrestrial PhysicsIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.School of Astronomy and AstrophysicsGlasgow UniversityGlasgowUK

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