Solar Physics

, 292:145 | Cite as

Trigger of Successive Filament Eruptions Observed by SDO and STEREO

  • Sajal Kumar Dhara
  • Ravindra Belur
  • Pankaj Kumar
  • Ravinder Kumar Banyal
  • Shibu K. Mathew
  • Bhuwan Joshi
Article

Abstract

Using multiwavelength observations from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO), we investigate the mechanism of two successive eruptions (F1 and F2) of a filament in active region NOAA 11444 on 27 March 2012. The filament was inverse J-shaped and lay along a quasi-circular polarity inversion line (PIL). The first part of the filament erupted at \(\sim2{:}30\) UT on 27 March 2012 (F1), the second part at around 4:20 UT on the same day (F2). A precursor or preflare brightening was observed below the filament main axis about 30 min before F1. The brightening was followed by a jet-like ejection below the filament, which triggered its eruption. Before the eruption of F2, the filament seemed to be trapped within the overlying arcade loops for almost 1.5 h before it successfully erupted. Interestingly, we observe simultaneously contraction (\(\sim12~\mbox{km}\,\mbox{s}^{-1}\)) and expansion (\(\sim20~\mbox{km}\,\mbox{s}^{-1}\)) of arcade loops in the active region before F2. Magnetograms obtained with the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) show converging motion of the opposite polarities, which result in flux cancellation near the PIL. We suggest that flux cancellation at the PIL resulted in a jet-like ejection below the filament main axis, which triggered F1, similar to the tether-cutting process. F2 was triggered by removal of the overlying arcade loops via reconnection. Both filament eruptions produced high-speed (\(\sim1000~\mbox{km}\,\mbox{s}^{-1}\)) coronal mass ejections.

Keywords

Sun: filaments, prominences Sun: magnetic fields Sun: corona Sun: sunspots 

Supplementary material

11207_2017_1158_MOESM1_ESM.avi (126.5 mb)
(AVI 126MB)
11207_2017_1158_MOESM2_ESM.avi (153.4 mb)
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11207_2017_1158_MOESM3_ESM.avi (26.6 mb)
(AVI 26.6MB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajal Kumar Dhara
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ravindra Belur
    • 3
  • Pankaj Kumar
    • 4
    • 5
  • Ravinder Kumar Banyal
    • 3
  • Shibu K. Mathew
    • 1
  • Bhuwan Joshi
    • 1
  1. 1.Udaipur Solar ObservatoryPhysical Research LaboratoryUdaipurIndia
  2. 2.Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno associated to Università della Svizzera ItalianaLocarno-MontiSwitzerland
  3. 3.Indian Institute of AstrophysicsBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI)DaejeonSouth Korea
  5. 5.Heliophysics Science DivisionNASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA

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