Advertisement

Solar Physics

, Volume 291, Issue 4, pp 1043–1057 | Cite as

Solar Spectral Irradiance at 782 nm as Measured by the SES Sensor Onboard Picard

  • M. MeftahEmail author
  • A. Hauchecorne
  • A. Irbah
  • G. Cessateur
  • S. Bekki
  • L. Damé
  • D. Bolsée
  • N. Pereira
Article

Abstract

Picard is a satellite dedicated to the simultaneous measurement of the total and solar spectral irradiance, the solar diameter, the solar shape, and to the Sun’s interior through the methods of helioseismology. The satellite was launched on June 15, 2010, and pursued its data acquisitions until March 2014. A Sun Ecartometry Sensor (SES) was developed to provide the stringent pointing requirements of the satellite. The SES sensor produced an image of the Sun at \(782 \pm 2.5~\mbox{nm}\). From the SES data, we obtained a new time series of the solar spectral irradiance at 782 nm from 2010 to 2014. During this period of Solar Cycle 24, the amplitude of the changes has been of the order of ± 0.08 %, corresponding to a range of about \(2\times 10^{-3}~\mbox{W}\,\mbox{m}^{-2}\,\mbox{nm}^{-1}\). SES observations provided a qualitatively consistent evolution of the solar spectral irradiance variability at 782 nm. SES data show similar amplitude variations with the semi-empirical model Spectral And Total Irradiance REconstruction for the Satellite era (SATIRE-S), whereas the Spectral Irradiance Monitor instrument (SIM) onboard the SOlar Radiation and Climate Experiment satellite (SORCE) highlights higher amplitudes.

Keywords

Solar irradiance Solar cycle Instrumentation and data management Instrumental effects 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Picard is a mission supported by the French national centre for scientific research (CNRS/INSU), by the French space agency (CNES), by the French Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), by the Belgian Space Policy (BELSPO), by the Swiss Space Office (SSO), and by the European Space Agency (ESA). The authors would like to thank the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP, United States) for providing the SORCE/SIM data and the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (Germany) for providing the SATIRE-S data. In addition, we wish to thank the CNES project managers (François Buisson and Michel Rouzé) of the Picard mission. Finally, the authors thank the anonymous referee for the very good improvements, remarks, and suggestions.

References

  1. Ball, W.T., Haigh, J.D., Rozanov, E.V., Kuchar, A., Sukhodolov, T., Tummon, F., Shapiro, A.V., Schmutz, W.: 2016, High solar cycle spectral variations inconsistent with stratospheric ozone observations. Nat. Geosci. 9(3), 206.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bovensmann, H., Burrows, J.P., Buchwitz, M., Frerick, J., Noël, S., Rozanov, V.V., Chance, K.V., Goede, A.P.H.: 1999, SCIAMACHY: mission Objectives and Measurement Modes. J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ermolli, I., Matthes, K., Dudok de Wit, T., Krivova, N.A., Tourpali, K., Weber, M., Unruh, Y.C., Gray, L., Langematz, U., Pilewskie, P., Rozanov, E., Schmutz, W., Shapiro, A., Solanki, S.K., Woods, T.N.: 2013, Recent variability of the solar spectral irradiance and its impact on climate modelling. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 3945.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fontenla, J., Harder, G.: 2005, Physical modeling of spectral irradiance variations. Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. Suppl. 76, 826. ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Fontenla, J.M., Harder, J., Livingston, W., Snow, M., Woods, T.: 2011, High-resolution solar spectral irradiance from extreme ultraviolet to far infrared. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D20108.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fröhlich, C., Romero, J., Roth, H., Wehrli, C., Andersen, B.N., Appourchaux, T., Domingo, V., Telljohann, U., Berthomieu, G., Delache, P., Provost, J., Toutain, T., Crommelynck, D.A., Chevalier, A., Fichot, A., Däppen, W., Gough, D., Hoeksema, T., Jiménez, A., Gómez, M.F., Herreros, J.M., Cortés, T.R., Jones, A.R., Pap, J.M., Willson, R.C.: 1995, VIRGO: Experiment for helioseismology and solar irradiance monitoring. Solar Phys. 162, 101.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Harder, J., Lawrence, G., Fontenla, J., Rottman, G., Woods, T.: 2005, The spectral irradiance monitor: scientific requirements, instrument design, and operation modes. Solar Phys. 230, 141.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Harder, J.W., Fontenla, J.M., Pilewskie, P., Richard, E.C., Woods, T.N.: 2009, Trends in solar spectral irradiance variability in the visible and infrared. Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, 7801.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Joannes, L., Dewandel, J.-L., Ligot, R., Pascal, V., Bolsée, D., Michel, A., Peetermans, W., Califice, P.: 2008, Solar ecartometry sensor with 1 arcsec resolution for the Picard satellite. In: 7th ICSO (International Conference on Space Optics), Toulouse, 2008. Google Scholar
  10. Lean, J.: 2000, Evolution of the Sun’s spectral irradiance since the maunder minimum. Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2425.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lomb, N.R.: 1976, Least-squares frequency analysis of unequally spaced data. Astrophys. Space Sci. 39, 447.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Meftah, M., Hochedez, J.-F., Irbah, A., Hauchecorne, A., Boumier, P., Corbard, T., Turck-Chièze, S., Abbaki, S., Assus, P., Bertran, E., Bourget, P., Buisson, F., Chaigneau, M., Damé, L., Djafer, D., Dufour, C., Etcheto, P., Ferrero, P., Hersé, M., Marcovici, J.-P., Meissonnier, M., Morand, F., Poiet, G., Prado, J.-Y., Renaud, C., Rouanet, N., Rouzé, M., Salabert, D., Vieau, A.-J.: 2014, Picard SODISM, a space telescope to study the Sun from the middle ultraviolet to the near infrared. Solar Phys. 289, 1043.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Meftah, M., Hauchecorne, A., Irbah, A., Corbard, T., Ikhlef, R., Morand, F., Renaud, C., Riguet, F., Pradal, F.: 2015, On the constancy of the diameter of the Sun during the rising phase of solar cycle 24. Astrophys. J. 808, 4.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pagaran, J., Weber, M., Burrows, J.: 2009, Solar variability from 240 to 1750 nm in terms of faculae brightening and sunspot darkening from SCIAMACHY. Astrophys. J. 700, 1884.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pagaran, J., Harder, J.W., Weber, M., Floyd, L.E., Burrows, J.P.: 2011, Intercomparison of SCIAMACHY and SIM vis-IR irradiance over several solar rotational timescales. Astron. Astrophys. 528, A67.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Scargle, J.D.: 1982, Studies in astronomical time series analysis. II – Statistical aspects of spectral analysis of unevenly spaced data. Astrophys. J. 263, 835.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schmutz, W., Fehlmann, A., Hülsen, G., Meindl, P., Winkler, R., Thuillier, G., Blattner, P., Buisson, F., Egorova, T., Finsterle, W., Fox, N., Gröbner, J., Hochedez, J.-F., Koller, S., Meftah, M., Meisonnier, M., Nyeki, S., Pfiffner, D., Roth, H., Rozanov, E., Spescha, M., Wehrli, C., Werner, L., Wyss, J.U.: 2009, The PREMOS/PICARD instrument calibration. Metrologia 46, 202.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shapiro, A.I., Schmutz, W., Schoell, M., Haberreiter, M., Rozanov, E.: 2010, NLTE solar irradiance modeling with the COSI code. Astron. Astrophys. 517, A48.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Thuillier, G., Hersé, M., Labs, D., Foujols, T., Peetermans, W., Gillotay, D., Simon, P.C., Mandel, H.: 2003, The solar spectral irradiance from 200 to 2400 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer from the Atlas and Eureca missions. Solar Phys. 214, 1.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Thuillier, G., Foujols, T., Bolsée, D., Gillotay, D., Hersé, M., Peetermans, W., Decuyper, W., Mandel, H., Sperfeld, P., Pape, S., Taubert, D.R., Hartmann, J.: 2009, SOLAR/SOLSPEC: Scientific objectives, instrument performance and its absolute calibration using a blackbody as primary standard source. Solar Phys. 257, 185.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yeo, K.L., Krivova, N.A., Solanki, S.K., Glassmeier, K.H.: 2014, Reconstruction of total and spectral solar irradiance from 1974 to 2013 based on KPVT, SoHO/MDI, and SDO/HMI observations. Astron. Astrophys. 570, A85.  DOI. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Meftah
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Hauchecorne
    • 1
  • A. Irbah
    • 1
  • G. Cessateur
    • 2
  • S. Bekki
    • 1
  • L. Damé
    • 1
  • D. Bolsée
    • 2
  • N. Pereira
    • 2
  1. 1.Université Paris Saclay, Université Paris VI – Pierre et Marie CurieCNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLGuyancourtFrance
  2. 2.Space Physics DivisionBelgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB)BrusselsBelgium

Personalised recommendations