Solar Physics

, Volume 289, Issue 10, pp 3843–3894 | Cite as

Identification of Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections at Ulysses Using Multiple Solar Wind Signatures

  • I. G. Richardson


Previous studies have discussed the identification of interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) near the Earth based on various solar wind signatures. In particular, methods have been developed of identifying regions of anomalously low solar wind proton temperatures (T p) and plasma compositional anomalies relative to the composition of the ambient solar wind that are frequently indicative of ICMEs. In this study, similar methods are applied to observations from the Ulysses spacecraft that was launched in 1990 and placed in a heliocentric orbit over the poles of the Sun. Some 279 probable ICMEs are identified during the spacecraft mission, which ended in 2009. The identifications complement those found independently in other studies of the Ulysses data, but a number of additional events are identified. The properties of the ICMEs detected at Ulysses and those observed near the Earth and in the inner heliosphere are compared.


Coronal mass ejections Interplanetary coronal mass ejections Interplanetary magnetic field Magnetic clouds Solar wind plasma Ulysses 



We are indebted to the many Ulysses experimenters who provided the observations used in this study, which were obtained from the Space Physics Data Facility at GSFC ( ). Data in Figure 15 from the LASCO coronagraphs on SOHO were obtained from the GSFC/Catholic University of America catalog ; SOHO is a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA. ACE observations were obtained from the ACE Science Center ( ). This work was supported by a NASA Guest Investigator Award.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Code 661NASA/Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  2. 2.CRESST and Department of AstronomyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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