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Solar Physics

, Volume 289, Issue 9, pp 3313–3329 | Cite as

Solar Dynamics Observatory and Hinode Observations of a Blowout Jet in a Coronal Hole

  • P. R. Young
  • K. Muglach
Solar Cycle 24 as seen by SDO

Abstract

A blowout jet occurred within the south coronal hole on 9 February 2011 at 09:00 UT and was observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) and Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory, and by the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) onboard the Hinode spacecraft during coronal-hole monitoring performed as part of Hinode Operations Program No. 177. Images from AIA show expanding hot and cold loops from a small bright point with plasma ejected in a curtain up to 30 Mm wide. The initial intensity front of the jet had a projected velocity of 200 km s−1, and the line-of-sight (LOS) velocities measured by EIS are between 100 and 250 km s−1. The LOS velocities increased along the jet, implying that an acceleration mechanism operates within the body of the jet. The jet plasma had a density of 2.7×108 cm−3 and a temperature of 1.4 MK. During the event a number of bright kernels were seen at the base of the bright point. The kernels have sizes of ≈ 1000 km, are variable in brightness, and have lifetimes of 1 – 15 minutes. An XRT filter ratio yields temperatures of 1.5 – 3.0 MK for the kernels. The bright point existed for at least ten hours, but disappeared within two hours after the jet, which lasted for 30 minutes. HMI data reveal converging photospheric flows at the location of the bright point, and the mixed-polarity magnetic flux canceled over a period of four hours on either side of the jet.

Keywords

Coronal holes Jets Magnetic fields, photosphere Spectral line, intensity and diagnostics Spectrum, ultraviolet Velocity fields, photosphere 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge funding from National Science Foundation grant AGS-1159353. Valuable comments from the anonymous referee and E. Pariat are acknowledged. SDO is a mission for NASA’s Living With a Star program. Data are provided courtesy of NASA/SDO and the AIA and HMI science teams. Hinode is a Japanese mission developed and launched by ISAS/JAXA, with NAOJ as domestic partner and NASA and STFC (UK) as international partners. It is operated by these agencies in co-operation with ESA and NSC (Norway).

Supplementary material

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Movie 1 (MP4 3.1 MB)

Movie 2 (MP4 24.3 MB)

11207_2014_484_MOESM3_ESM.mp4 (2.5 mb)
Movie 3 (MP4 2.5 MB)
11207_2014_484_MOESM4_ESM.mp4 (1.1 mb)
Movie 4 (MP4 1.1 MB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of ScienceGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.Code 674NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  3. 3.ARTEP, Inc.Ellicott CityUSA

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