We analyze and discuss the properties of decameter spikes observed in July – August 2002 by the UTR-2 radio telescope. These bursts have a short duration (about one second) and occur in a narrow frequency bandwidth (50 – 70 kHz). They are chaotically located in the dynamic spectrum. Decameter spikes are weak bursts: their fluxes do not exceed 200 – 300 s.f.u. An interesting feature of these spikes is the observed linear increase of the frequency bandwidth with frequency. This dependence can be explained in the framework of the plasma mechanism that causes the radio emission, taking into account that Langmuir waves are generated by fast electrons within a narrow angle θ≈13∘ – 18∘ along the direction of the electron propagation. In the present article we consider the problem of the short lifetime of decameter spikes and discuss why electrons generate plasma waves in limited regions.
KeywordsThe Sun Decameter radio emission Spike burst Duration Frequency bandwidth Fluxe
The work was partially conducted in the framework of FP7 project SOLSPANET (FP7–PEOPLE-2010-IRSES-269299) and project DBOF-12-0261 of the KU Leuven.
- Kleewein, P., Rosolen, C., Lecacheux, A.: 1997, New digital spectrometers for ground based decameter radio astronomy. In: Rucker, H.O., Bauer, S.J., Lecacheux, A. (eds.) Planetary Radio Emission IV, Proc. 4th Internat. Workshop, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 349 – 358. Google Scholar