Solar Physics

, Volume 289, Issue 1, pp 369–378

The Electron Firehose and Ordinary-Mode Instabilities in Space Plasmas

Article

Abstract

Self-generated wave fluctuations are particularly interesting in the solar wind and magnetospheric plasmas, where Coulomb collisions are rare and cannot explain the observed states of quasi-equilibrium. Linear theory predicts that firehose and ordinary-mode instabilities can develop under the same conditions, which makes it challenging to separate the role of these instabilities in conditioning the space-plasma properties. The hierarchy of these two instabilities is reconsidered here for nonstreaming plasmas with an electron-temperature anisotropy T>T, where ∥ and ⊥ denote directions with respect to the local mean magnetic field. In addition to the previously reported comparative analysis, here the entire 3D wave-vector spectrum of the competing instabilities is investigated, with a focus on the oblique firehose instability and the relatively poorly known ordinary-mode instability. Results show a dominance of the oblique firehose instability with a threshold lower than the parallel firehose instability and lower than the ordinary-mode instability. For stronger anisotropies, the ordinary mode can grow faster, with maximum growth rates exceeding those of the oblique firehose instability. In contrast to previous studies that claimed a possible activity of the ordinary-mode in the low β [< 1] regimes, here it is rigorously shown that only the high β [> 1] regimes are susceptible to these instabilities.

Keywords

Corona Flares, dynamics Solar wind Instabilities Waves, plasma 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Lazar
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Poedts
    • 1
  • R. Schlickeiser
    • 2
  • D. Ibscher
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Mathematical Plasma AstrophysicsK.U. LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und AstrophysikRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany

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