Automation of the Filament Tracking in the Framework of the HELIO Project
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We present a new method to automatically track filaments over the solar disk. The filaments are first detected on Meudon Spectroheliograph Hα images of the Sun, applying the technique developed by Fuller, Aboudarham, and Bentley (Solar Phys. 227, 61, 2005). This technique combines cleaning processes, image segmentation based on region growing, and morphological parameter extraction, including the determination of filament skeletons. The coordinates of the skeleton pixels, given in a heliocentric system, are then converted to a more appropriate reference frame that follows the rotation of the Sun surface. In such a frame, a co-rotating filament is always located around the same position, and its skeletons (extracted from each image) are thus spatially close, forming a group of adjacent features. In a third step, the shape of each skeleton is compared with its neighbours using a curve-matching algorithm. This step will permit us to define the probability [P] that two close filaments in the co-rotating frame are actually the same one observed on two different images. At the end, the pairs of features, for which the corresponding probability is greater than a threshold value, are associated using tracking identification indices. On a representative sample of filaments, the good agreement between automated and manual tracking confirms the reliability of the technique to be applied on large data sets. This code is already used in the framework of the Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) to populate a catalogue dedicated to solar and heliospheric features (HFC). An extension of this method to other filament observations, and possibly sunspots, faculae, and coronal-holes tracking, can also be envisaged.
KeywordsSolar filaments Hα observations Automated tracking Image processing Virtual observatory HELIO HFC
This work has been supported under the Heliospheric Integrated Observatory HELIO project. HELIO is a Research Infrastructures funded under the Capacities Specific Programme within the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7; Project No. 238969). The project started on 1 June 2009 and has a duration of 36 months. In addition, the authors want to thank Z. Mouradian from LESIA for the his valuable help, and the referee for helpful comments.
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