Solar Physics

, Volume 282, Issue 1, pp 201–220

Stereoscopic Analysis of the 31 August 2007 Prominence Eruption and Coronal Mass Ejection



The spectacular prominence eruption and CME of 31 August 2007 are analyzed stereoscopically using data from NASA’s twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft. The technique of tie pointing and triangulation (T&T) is used to reconstruct the prominence (or filament when seen on the disk) before and during the eruption. For the first time, a filament barb is reconstructed in three-dimensions, confirming that the barb connects the filament spine to the solar surface. The chirality of the filament system is determined from the barb and magnetogram and confirmed by the skew of the loops of the post-eruptive arcade relative to the polarity reversal boundary below. The T&T analysis shows that the filament rotates as it erupts in the direction expected for a filament system of the given chirality. While the prominence begins to rotate in the slow-rise phase, most of the rotation occurs during the fast-rise phase, after formation of the CME begins. The stereoscopic analysis also allows us to analyze the spatial relationships among various features of the eruption including the pre-eruptive filament, the flare ribbons, the erupting prominence, and the cavity of the coronal mass ejection (CME). We find that erupting prominence strands and the CME have different (non-radial) trajectories; we relate the trajectories to the structure of the coronal magnetic fields. The possible cause of the eruption is also discussed.


Corona Coronal mass ejection Filament eruption Prominence 

Supplementary material (516 kb) (516 kB) (39.3 mb) (39.3 MB)


  1. Aschwanden, M.J., Wuelser, J.-P., Nitta, N., Lemen, J.: 2008, Astrophys. J. 680, 1477. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bemporad, A.: 2009, Astrophys. J. 701, 298. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bemporad, A., Mierla, M., Tripathi, D.: 2011, Astron. Astrophys. 531, A147 (Correction: 2012 Astron. Astrophys. 531, C1). ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Démoulin, P., Aulanier, G.: 2010, Astrophys. J. 718, 1388. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gibson, S., Kucera, T.A., Rastawicki, D., Dove, J., de Toma, G., Hao, J., et al.: 2010, Astrophys. J. 724, 1133. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gopalswamy, N., Shimojo, M., Lu, W., Yashiro, S., Shibasaki, K., Howard, R.A.: 2003, Astrophys. J. 586, 562. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gosain, S., Schmieder, B., Venkatakrishnan, P., Chandra, R., Artzner, G.: 2009, Solar Phys. 259, 13. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Howard, R.A., Moses, J.D., Vourlidas, A., Newmark, J.S., Socker, D.G., Plunkett, S.P., et al.: 2008, Space Sci. Rev. 136, 67. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Inhester, B.: 2006, arXiv:astro-ph/0612649.
  10. Kaiser, M.: 2005, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1483. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liewer, P.C., de Jong, E.M., Hall, J.R., Howard, R.A., Thompson, W.T., Culhane, J.L., Bone, L., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L.: 2009, Solar Phys. 256, 57. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liewer, P.C., Hall, J.R., Howard, R.A., de Jong, E.M., Thompson, W.T., Thernisien, A.: 2011, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 73, 1173. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li, T., Zhang, J., Zhao, H., Yang, S.: 2010, Astrophys. J. 720, 144. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li, T., Zhang, J., Zhao, H., Yang, S.: 2011, Astrophys. J. 739, 43. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Martin, S.F.: 1998, Solar Phys. 182, 107. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Martin, S.F.: 2003, Adv. Space Res. 32, 1883. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Martin, S.F., Lin, Y., Engvold, O.: 2008, Solar Phys. 250, 31. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Martin, S.F., Panasenco, O., Engvold, O., Lin, Y.: 2008, Ann. Geophys. 26, 3061. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mierla, M., Inhester, B., Antunes, A., Bousier, Y., Byrne, J.P., Colaninno, R., et al.: 2010, Ann. Geophys. 28, 203. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Panasenco, O., Martin, S.: 2008, In: Howe, R., Komm, R.W., Balasubramaniam, K.S., Petrie, G.J.D. (eds.) Subsurface and Atmospheric Influences on Solar Activity, ASP Conf. Ser. 383, 243. Google Scholar
  21. Panasenco, O., Martin, S., Joshi, A.D., Srivastava, N.: 2011, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 73, 1129. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Panasenco, O., Martin, S.F., Velli, M., Vourlidas, A.: 2012, Solar Phys. submitted. Google Scholar
  23. Pevtsov, A.A., Panasenco, O., Martin, S.F.: 2012, Solar Phys. 277, 185. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Schrijver, C.J., De Rosa, M.L.: 2003, Solar Phys. 212, 165. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Thompson, W.T.: 2011, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 73, 1138. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang, Y.-M., Muglach, K., Kliem, B.: 2009, Astrophys. J. 699, 133. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wuelser, J.-P., Lemen, J.R., Tarbell, T.D., Wolfson, C.J., Cannon, J.C., Carpenter, B.A., et al.: 2004, In: Fineschi, S., Gummin, M.A. (eds.) Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, Proc. SPIE 5171, 111. Google Scholar
  28. Xu, Y., Jing, J., Wang, H.: 2010, Solar Phys. 264, 81. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  2. 2.Helio ResearchLa CrescentaUSA

Personalised recommendations