Comparison of Ground-Based and Space-Based Longitudinal Magnetograms
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We compare photospheric line-of-sight magnetograms from the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Vector Spectro-Magnetograph (VSM) instrument with observations from the 150-foot Solar Tower at Mt. Wilson Observatory (MWO), the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). We find very good agreement between VSM and the other data sources for both disk-averaged flux densities and pixel-by-pixel measurements. We show that the VSM mean flux density time series is of consistently high signal-to-noise ratio with no significant zero offsets. We discuss in detail some of the factors – spatial resolution, flux dependence, and position on the solar disk – affecting the determination of scaling between VSM and SOHO/MDI or SDO/HMI magnetograms. The VSM flux densities agree well with spatially smoothed data from MDI and HMI, although the scaling factors show a clear dependence on flux density. The factor to convert VSM to HMI increases with increasing flux density (from ≈1 to ≈1.5). The nonlinearity is smaller for the VSM vs. SOHO/MDI scaling factor (from ≈1 to ≈1.2).
KeywordsMagnetograms Photosphere Solar magnetic fields
We thank R.K. Ulrich for providing the MWO mean flux time series. The SOLIS data used here are produced cooperatively by NSF/NSO and NASA/LWS. HMI/SDO is a project of NASA. MDI/SOHO is a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA.
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