Solar Physics

, Volume 281, Issue 2, pp 779–792 | Cite as

Coronal Mass Ejections and the Index of Effective Solar Multipole

  • V. N. Obridko
  • E. V. Ivanov
  • A. Özgüç
  • A. Kilcik
  • V. B. Yurchyshyn


The paper considers the relationship between the cyclic variations in the velocity of coronal mass ejections (CME) and the large-scale magnetic field structure (LSMF) in cycles 21 – 23. To characterize a typical size of the LSMF structure, we have used the index of the effective solar multipole (ESMI). The cyclic behavior of the CME occurrence rate and velocity proved to be similar to that of ESMI. The hysteresis observed in variations of the CME maximum velocity is interpreted as a manifestation of different contributions from the two field structures (local and global magnetic fields) in different phases of the 11-year activity cycle. It is suggested that cyclic variations in the maximum velocity of coronal mass ejections are due to different conditions for the formation of the complexes of active regions connected by coronal arch systems, which are the main source of high-velocity CMEs.


Solar Cycle Coronal Mass Ejection Cyclic Variation Carrington Rotation Active Longitude 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was conducted under the sponsorship of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant N 11-02-00259).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Obridko
    • 1
  • E. V. Ivanov
    • 1
  • A. Özgüç
    • 2
  • A. Kilcik
    • 3
  • V. B. Yurchyshyn
    • 3
  1. 1.Pushkov Institute of the Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation RAS (IZMIRAN)TroitskRussian Federation
  2. 2.Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research InstituteBogazici UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Big Bear Solar ObservatoryBig Bear CityUSA

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