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Clear Detection of Chromospheric Evaporation Upflows with High Spatial/Temporal Resolution by Hinode XRT

Abstract

We find clear evidence for typical chromospheric evaporation associated with small transient brightenings, using the data from the X-ray Telescope (XRT) onboard Hinode. We found 13 events, each having a pair of evaporation upflows arising almost symmetrically from both foot points of a magnetic loop. These facts strongly support the standard flare model based on the magnetic reconnection. The apparent upflow velocities of three of the events are ≈ 500 km s−1, while those of the other events are ≈ 100 km s−1. This is the first clear direct detection of evaporating upflow motion in soft X-ray images from Hinode/XRT; such images were obtained with high cadence (≈ 60 s) and high spatial resolution (1 arcsec).

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Correspondence to S. Nitta.

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Nitta, S., Imada, S. & Yamamoto, T.T. Clear Detection of Chromospheric Evaporation Upflows with High Spatial/Temporal Resolution by Hinode XRT. Sol Phys 276, 183–197 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-011-9890-7

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Keywords

  • Magnetohydrodynamics
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: magnetic fields