Solar Physics

, 272:301 | Cite as

Multiwavelength Observations of a Failed Flux Rope in the Eruption and Associated M-Class Flare from NOAA AR 11045

  • Pankaj Kumar
  • Ablishek K. Srivastava
  • B. Filippov
  • R. Erdélyi
  • Wahab Uddin
Article

Abstract

We present the multiwavelength observations of a flux rope that was trying to erupt from NOAA AR 11045 and the associated M-class solar flare on 12 February 2010 using space-based and ground-based observations from TRACE, STEREO, SOHO/MDI, Hinode/XRT, and BBSO. While the flux rope was rising from the active region, an M1.1/2F class flare was triggered near one of its footpoints. We suggest that the flare triggering was due to the reconnection of a rising flux rope with the surrounding low-lying magnetic loops. The flux rope reached a projected height of ≈0.15R with a speed of ≈90 km s−1 while the soft X-ray flux enhanced gradually during its rise. The flux rope was suppressed by an overlying field, and the filled plasma moved towards the negative polarity field to the west of its activation site. We found the first observational evidence of the initial suppression of a flux rope due to a remnant filament visible both at chromospheric and coronal temperatures that evolved a couple of days earlier at the same location in the active region. SOHO/MDI magnetograms show the emergence of a bipole ≈12 h prior to the flare initiation. The emerged negative polarity moved towards the flux rope activation site, and flare triggering near the photospheric polarity inversion line (PIL) took place. The motion of the negative polarity region towards the PIL helped in the build-up of magnetic energy at the flare and flux rope activation site. This study provides unique observational evidence of a rising flux rope that failed to erupt due to a remnant filament and overlying magnetic field, as well as associated triggering of an M-class flare.

Keywords

Flux rope Magnetic field Magnetic reconnection Solar flare – coronal loops 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pankaj Kumar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ablishek K. Srivastava
    • 1
    • 4
  • B. Filippov
    • 3
  • R. Erdélyi
    • 4
  • Wahab Uddin
    • 1
  1. 1.Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES)NainitalIndia
  2. 2.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave PropagationRussian Academy of SciencesTroitskRussia
  4. 4.Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Centre (SP2RC), School of Mathematics and StatisticsThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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