Solar Physics

, Volume 275, Issue 1–2, pp 17–40 | Cite as

The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)

  • James R. Lemen
  • Alan M. Title
  • David J. Akin
  • Paul F. Boerner
  • Catherine Chou
  • Jerry F. Drake
  • Dexter W. Duncan
  • Christopher G. Edwards
  • Frank M. Friedlaender
  • Gary F. Heyman
  • Neal E. Hurlburt
  • Noah L. Katz
  • Gary D. Kushner
  • Michael Levay
  • Russell W. Lindgren
  • Dnyanesh P. Mathur
  • Edward L. McFeaters
  • Sarah Mitchell
  • Roger A. Rehse
  • Carolus J. Schrijver
  • Larry A. Springer
  • Robert A. Stern
  • Theodore D. Tarbell
  • Jean-Pierre Wuelser
  • C. Jacob Wolfson
  • Carl Yanari
  • Jay A. Bookbinder
  • Peter N. Cheimets
  • David Caldwell
  • Edward E. Deluca
  • Richard Gates
  • Leon Golub
  • Sang Park
  • William A. Podgorski
  • Rock I. Bush
  • Philip H. Scherrer
  • Mark A. Gummin
  • Peter Smith
  • Gary Auker
  • Paul Jerram
  • Peter Pool
  • Regina Soufli
  • David L. Windt
  • Sarah Beardsley
  • Matthew Clapp
  • James Lang
  • Nicholas Waltham
Open Access
THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY

Abstract

The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) provides multiple simultaneous high-resolution full-disk images of the corona and transition region up to 0.5 R above the solar limb with 1.5-arcsec spatial resolution and 12-second temporal resolution. The AIA consists of four telescopes that employ normal-incidence, multilayer-coated optics to provide narrow-band imaging of seven extreme ultraviolet (EUV) band passes centered on specific lines: Fe xviii (94 Å), Fe viii, xxi (131 Å), Fe ix (171 Å), Fe xii, xxiv (193 Å), Fe xiv (211 Å), He ii (304 Å), and Fe xvi (335 Å). One telescope observes C iv (near 1600 Å) and the nearby continuum (1700 Å) and has a filter that observes in the visible to enable coalignment with images from other telescopes. The temperature diagnostics of the EUV emissions cover the range from 6×104 K to 2×107 K. The AIA was launched as a part of NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission on 11 February 2010. AIA will advance our understanding of the mechanisms of solar variability and of how the Sun’s energy is stored and released into the heliosphere and geospace.

Keywords

Solar corona Solar instrumentation Solar imaging Extreme ultraviolet 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • James R. Lemen
    • 1
  • Alan M. Title
    • 1
  • David J. Akin
    • 1
  • Paul F. Boerner
    • 1
  • Catherine Chou
    • 1
  • Jerry F. Drake
    • 1
  • Dexter W. Duncan
    • 1
  • Christopher G. Edwards
    • 1
  • Frank M. Friedlaender
    • 1
  • Gary F. Heyman
    • 1
  • Neal E. Hurlburt
    • 1
  • Noah L. Katz
    • 1
  • Gary D. Kushner
    • 1
  • Michael Levay
    • 1
  • Russell W. Lindgren
    • 1
  • Dnyanesh P. Mathur
    • 1
  • Edward L. McFeaters
    • 1
  • Sarah Mitchell
    • 1
  • Roger A. Rehse
    • 1
  • Carolus J. Schrijver
    • 1
  • Larry A. Springer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert A. Stern
    • 1
  • Theodore D. Tarbell
    • 1
  • Jean-Pierre Wuelser
    • 1
  • C. Jacob Wolfson
    • 1
  • Carl Yanari
    • 1
  • Jay A. Bookbinder
    • 3
  • Peter N. Cheimets
    • 3
  • David Caldwell
    • 3
  • Edward E. Deluca
    • 3
  • Richard Gates
    • 3
  • Leon Golub
    • 3
  • Sang Park
    • 3
  • William A. Podgorski
    • 3
  • Rock I. Bush
    • 4
  • Philip H. Scherrer
    • 4
  • Mark A. Gummin
    • 5
  • Peter Smith
    • 6
  • Gary Auker
    • 7
  • Paul Jerram
    • 7
  • Peter Pool
    • 7
  • Regina Soufli
    • 8
  • David L. Windt
    • 9
  • Sarah Beardsley
    • 10
  • Matthew Clapp
    • 10
  • James Lang
    • 10
  • Nicholas Waltham
    • 10
  1. 1.Solar and Astrophysics LaboratoryLockheed Martin Advanced Technology CenterPalo AltoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsMontana State University-BozemanBozemanUSA
  3. 3.Smithsonian Astrophysical ObservatoryCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Center for Space Science and AstrophysicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  5. 5.Alias Aerospace, Inc.St. HelenaUSA
  6. 6.Harvard University-Smithsonian Astrophysical ObservatoryCambridgeUSA
  7. 7.e2v technologiesChelmsfordUK
  8. 8.Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA
  9. 9.Reflective X-ray Optics LLCNew YorkUSA
  10. 10.Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryDidcotUK

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