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Solar Physics

, Volume 268, Issue 1, pp 1–34 | Cite as

The Sunrise Mission

  • P. Barthol
  • A. Gandorfer
  • S. K. Solanki
  • M. Schüssler
  • B. Chares
  • W. Curdt
  • W. Deutsch
  • A. Feller
  • D. Germerott
  • B. Grauf
  • K. Heerlein
  • J. Hirzberger
  • M. Kolleck
  • R. Meller
  • R. Müller
  • T. L. Riethmüller
  • G. Tomasch
  • M. Knölker
  • B. W. Lites
  • G. Card
  • D. Elmore
  • J. Fox
  • A. Lecinski
  • P. Nelson
  • R. Summers
  • A. Watt
  • V. Martínez Pillet
  • J. A. Bonet
  • W. Schmidt
  • T. Berkefeld
  • A. M. Title
  • V. Domingo
  • J. L. Gasent Blesa
  • J. C. del Toro Iniesta
  • A. López Jiménez
  • A. Álvarez-Herrero
  • L. Sabau-Graziati
  • C. Widani
  • P. Haberler
  • K. Härtel
  • D. Kampf
  • T. Levin
  • I. Pérez Grande
  • A. Sanz-Andrés
  • E. Schmidt
Open Access
The Sunrise Balloon-Borne Observatory

Abstract

The first science flight of the balloon-borne Sunrise telescope took place in June 2009 from ESRANGE (near Kiruna/Sweden) to Somerset Island in northern Canada. We describe the scientific aims and mission concept of the project and give an overview and a description of the various hardware components: the 1-m main telescope with its postfocus science instruments (the UV filter imager SuFI and the imaging vector magnetograph IMaX) and support instruments (image stabilizing and light distribution system ISLiD and correlating wavefront sensor CWS), the optomechanical support structure and the instrument mounting concept, the gondola structure and the power, pointing, and telemetry systems, and the general electronics architecture. We also explain the optimization of the structural and thermal design of the complete payload. The preparations for the science flight are described, including AIV and ground calibration of the instruments. The course of events during the science flight is outlined, up to the recovery activities. Finally, the in-flight performance of the instrumentation is discussed.

Keywords

Instrumentation and data management Integrated sun observations Magnetic fields, photosphere 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Barthol
    • 1
  • A. Gandorfer
    • 1
  • S. K. Solanki
    • 1
  • M. Schüssler
    • 1
  • B. Chares
    • 1
  • W. Curdt
    • 1
  • W. Deutsch
    • 1
  • A. Feller
    • 1
  • D. Germerott
    • 1
  • B. Grauf
    • 1
  • K. Heerlein
    • 1
  • J. Hirzberger
    • 1
  • M. Kolleck
    • 1
  • R. Meller
    • 1
  • R. Müller
    • 1
  • T. L. Riethmüller
    • 1
  • G. Tomasch
    • 1
  • M. Knölker
    • 2
  • B. W. Lites
    • 2
  • G. Card
    • 2
  • D. Elmore
    • 2
  • J. Fox
    • 2
  • A. Lecinski
    • 2
  • P. Nelson
    • 2
  • R. Summers
    • 2
  • A. Watt
    • 2
  • V. Martínez Pillet
    • 3
  • J. A. Bonet
    • 3
  • W. Schmidt
    • 4
  • T. Berkefeld
    • 4
  • A. M. Title
    • 5
  • V. Domingo
    • 6
  • J. L. Gasent Blesa
    • 6
  • J. C. del Toro Iniesta
    • 7
  • A. López Jiménez
    • 7
  • A. Álvarez-Herrero
    • 8
  • L. Sabau-Graziati
    • 8
  • C. Widani
    • 9
  • P. Haberler
    • 9
  • K. Härtel
    • 9
  • D. Kampf
    • 9
  • T. Levin
    • 9
  • I. Pérez Grande
    • 10
  • A. Sanz-Andrés
    • 10
  • E. Schmidt
    • 11
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungKatlenburg-LindauGermany
  2. 2.High Altitude ObservatoryBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Instituto de Astrofísica de CanariasLa Laguna (Tenerife)Spain
  4. 4.Kiepenheuer-Institut für SonnenphysikFreiburgGermany
  5. 5.Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics LaboratoryPalo AltoUSA
  6. 6.Grupo de Astronomía y Ciencias del EspacioUniv. de ValenciaPaterna, ValenciaSpain
  7. 7.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC)GranadaSpain
  8. 8.Instituto Nacional de Técnica AerospacialTorrejón de ArdozSpain
  9. 9.Kayser-Threde GmbHMünchenGermany
  10. 10.IDR/UPMUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain
  11. 11.Ingenieurbüro für OptikentwicklungIsmaningGermany

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