Solar Physics

, Volume 265, Issue 1–2, pp 233–244 | Cite as

Three-Dimensional (3-D) Reconstructions of EISCAT IPS Velocity Data in the Declining Phase of Solar Cycle 23

  • M. M. BisiEmail author
  • B. V. Jackson
  • A. R. Breen
  • G. D. Dorrian
  • R. A. Fallows
  • J. M. Clover
  • P. P. Hick
Open Access
Remote Sensing of the Inner Heliosphere


The European Incoherent SCATter (EISCAT) radar has been used for remote-sensing observations of interplanetary scintillation (IPS) for a quarter of a century. During the April/May 2007 observing campaign, a large number of observations of IPS using EISCAT took place to give a reasonable spatial and temporal coverage of solar wind velocity structure throughout this time during the declining phase of Solar Cycle 23. Many co-rotating and transient features were observed during this period. Using the University of California, San Diego three-dimensional (3-D) time-dependent computer assisted tomography (C.A.T.) solar-wind reconstruction analysis, we show the velocity structure of the inner heliosphere in three dimensions throughout the time interval of 20 April through 20 May 2007. We also compare to white-light remote-sensing observations of an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) seen by the STEREO Ahead spacecraft inner Heliospheric Imager on 16 May 2007, as well as to in-situ solar-wind measurements taken with near-Earth spacebourne instrumentation throughout this interval. The reconstructions show clear co-rotating regions during this period, and the time-series extraction at spacecraft locations compares well with measurements made by the STEREO, Wind, and ACE spacecraft. This is the first time such clear structures have been revealed using this 3-D technique with EISCAT IPS data as input.


Coronal mass ejections Interplanetary Radio scintillation Solar wind, disturbances Velocity fields, solar wind 

Supplementary material

11207_2010_9594_MOESM1_ESM.avi (4.3 mb)
ESM file (AVI 4.3 MB)
11207_2010_9594_MOESM2_ESM.mpg (1.3 mb)
ESM file (MPG 1.33 MB)


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Bisi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • B. V. Jackson
    • 1
  • A. R. Breen
    • 2
  • G. D. Dorrian
    • 3
  • R. A. Fallows
    • 2
  • J. M. Clover
    • 1
  • P. P. Hick
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Astrophysics and Space SciencesUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Mathematics and PhysicsAberystwyth UniversityAberystwythWales UK
  3. 3.Astrophysical Research CentreQueen’s University of BelfastBelfastNorthern Ireland, UK
  4. 4.San Diego Supercomputer CenterUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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