Advertisement

Solar Physics

, Volume 265, Issue 1–2, pp 257–275 | Cite as

A Heliospheric Imager for Deep Space: Lessons Learned from Helios, SMEI, and STEREO

  • B. V. Jackson
  • A. Buffington
  • P. P. Hick
  • M. M. Bisi
  • J. M. Clover
Open Access
Remote Sensing of the Inner Heliosphere

Abstract

The zodiacal-light photometers on the twin Helios spacecraft, the Solar Mass Ejection Imager (SMEI) on the Coriolis spacecraft, and the Heliospheric Imagers (HIs) on the Solar-TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) twin spacecraft all point the way to optimizing future remote-sensing Thomson-scattering observations from deep space. Such data could be provided by wide-angle viewing instruments on Solar Orbiter, Solar Probe, or other deep-space probes. Here, we present instrument specifications required for a successful heliospheric imager, and the measurements and data-processing steps that make the best use of this remote-sensing system. When this type of instrument is properly designed and calibrated, its data are capable of determining zodiacal-dust properties, and of three-dimensional reconstructions of heliospheric electron density over large volumes of the inner heliosphere. Such systems can measure fundamental properties of the inner heliospheric plasma, provide context for the in-situ monitors on board spacecraft, and enable physics-based analyses of this important segment of the Sun-spacecraft connection.

Keywords

Instrumentation and data management Coronal mass ejections, interplanetary Solar wind disturbances Plasma physics 

References

  1. Ananthakrishnan, S., Coles, W.A., Kaufman, J.J.: 1980, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 6025. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Asai, K., Kojima, M., Tokumaru, M., Yokobe, A., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Manoharan, P.K.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1991. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Behannon, K.W., Burlaga, L.F., Hewish, A.: 1991, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 21,213. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Billings, D.E.: 1966, A Guide to the Solar Corona, Academic Press, New York. Google Scholar
  5. Bisi, M.M., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Clover, J.M.: 2007, Adv. Geosci. 14, 161. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bisi, M.M., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Odstrcil, D., Clover, J.M.: 2008a, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A00A11. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bisi, M.M., Jackson, B.V., Buffington, A., Hick, P.P., Manoharan, P.K., Clover, J.M.: 2008b, Adv. Geosci. 21, 33. Google Scholar
  8. Bisi, M.M., Jackson, B.V., Buffington, A., Clover, J.M., Hick, P.P., Tokumaru, M.: 2009a, Solar Phys. 256, 201. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Bisi, M.M., Jackson, B.V., Clover, J.M., Manoharan, P.K., Tokumaru, M., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A.: 2009b, Ann. Geophys. 27, 4479. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Brueckner, G.E., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J., Korendyke, C.M., Michels, D.J., Moses, J.D., Socker, D.G., Dere, K.P., Lamy, P.L., Llebaria, A., Bout, M.V., Schwenn, R., Simnett, G.M., Bedford, D.K., Eyles, C.J.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 357. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Buffington, A.: 1998, Appl. Opt. 37, 4284. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Buffington, A.: 2000, Appl. Opt. 39, 2683. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Buffington, A., Jackson, B.V., Korendyke, C.M.: 1996, Appl. Opt. 35, 6669. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Buffington, A., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P.: 2003, Proc. SPIE 4853, 490. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Buffington, A., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P.: 2005, Proc. SPIE 5901, 590118,1. Google Scholar
  16. Buffington, A., Hick, P., Jackson, B.V., Korendyke, C.M.: 1998, Proc. SPIE 3442, 77. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Buffington, A., Band, D.L., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Smith, A.C.: 2006, Astrophys. J. 637, 880. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Buffington, A., Morrill, J.S., Hick, P.P., Howard, R.A., Jackson, B.V., Webb, D.F.: 2007, Proc. SPIE 6689, 66890B,1. Google Scholar
  19. Buffington, A., Bisi, M.M., Clover, J.M., Hick, P.P., Jackson, B.V., Kuchar, T.A.: 2008, Astrophys. J. 677, 798. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Buffington, A., Bisi, M.M., Clover, J.M., Hick, P.P., Jackson, B.V., Kuchar, T.A., Price, S.D.: 2009a, Icarus 203, 124. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Buffington, A., Bach, K.G., Bach, B.W., Bach, E.K., Bisi, M.M., Hick, P.P., Jackson, B.V., Klupar, P.D.: 2009b, Proc. SPIE 7438, 74380O. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cox, A.N.: 2000, Allen’s Astrophysical Quantities, 4th edn. AIP Press, New York. Google Scholar
  23. Davis, C.J., Davies, J.A., Lockwood, M., Rouillard, A.P., Eyles, C.J., Harrison, R.A.: 2009, Geophys. Res. Lett. 36, 08102. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dressler, R., Goldstein, N.: 2010, AFRL Technical Report AFRL-RV-HA-TR-2010, in press. Google Scholar
  25. Eyles, C.J., Simnett, G.M., Cooke, M.P., Jackson, B.V., Buffington, A., Hick, P.P., Waltham, N.R., King, J.M., Anderson, P.A., Holladay, P.E.: 2003, Solar Phys. 217, 319. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. Eyles, C.J., Harrison, R.A., Davis, C.J., Waltham, N.R., Shaughnessy, B.M., Mapson-Menard, H.C.A., Bewsher, D., Crothers, S.R., Davies, J.A., Simnett, G.M., Howard, R.A., Moses, J.D., Newmark, J.S., Socker, D.G., Halain, J.P., Defise, J.M., Mazy, E., Rochus, P.: 2009, Solar Phys. 254, 387. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Fry, C.D., Dryer, M., Smith, Z., Sun, W., Deehr, C.S., Akasofu, S.-I.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108(A2), 1070. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gapper, G.R., Hewish, A., Purvis, A., Duffett-Smith, P.J.: 1982, Nature 296, 633. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Hansen, R.T., Garcia, C.J., Grognard, R.R.-M., Sheridan, K.V.: 1971, Proc. Astron. Soc. Austr. 2(1), 57. ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Hansen, R., Garcia, C.J., Hansen, S.F., Yasukawa, E.: 1974, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 86, 500. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. Harrison, R.A., Davis, C.J., Eyles, C.J., Bewsher, D., Crothers, S., Davies, J.A., Howard, R.A., Moses, D.J., Socker, D.G., Halain, J.-P., Defise, J.-M., Mazy, E., Rochus, P., Webb, D.F., Simnett, G.M.: 2008, Solar Phys. 247, 171. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Harrison, R.A., Davies, J.A., Roulliard, A.P., Davis, C.J., Eyles, C.J., Bewsher, D., Crothers, S.R., Howard, R.A., Sheeley, N.R., Vourlidas, A., Webb, D., Brown, D.S., Dorrian, G.: 2009, Solar Phys. 256, 219. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Hewish, A., Bravo, S.: 1986, Solar Phys. 106, 185. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Hewish, A., Scott, P.F., Wills, D.: 1964, Nature 203, 1214. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Houminer, Z.: 1971, Nature Phys. Sci. 231, 165. ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. Howard, T.A., Tappin, S.J.: 2009, Space Sci. Rev. 147, 31. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Howard, R.A., Moses, J.D., Vourlidas, A., Newmark, J.S., Socker, D.G., Plunkett, S.P., Korendyke, C.M., Cook, J.W., Hurley, A., Davila, J.M., Thompson, W.T., St. Cyr, O.C., Mentzell, E., Mehalick, K., Lemen, J.R., Wuelser, J.P., Duncan, D.W., Tarbell, T.D., Wolfson, C.J., Moore, A., Harrison, R.A., Waltham, N.R., Lang, J., Davister, C., Eyles, C.J., Mapson-Menard, H., Simnett, G.M., Halain, J.P., Defise, J.M., Mazy, E., Rochus, P., Mercier, R., Ravet, M.F., Delmotte, F., Auchere, F., Delaboudinière, J.-P., Bothmer, V., Deutsch, W., Wang, D., Richel, N., Cooper, S., Stephens, V., Maahs, G., Baugh, R., Mcmullin, D., Carter, T.: 2008, Space Sci. Rev. 136, 67. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Jackson, B.V.: 1985a, Solar Phys. 95, 363. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. Jackson, B.V.: 1985b, Solar Phys. 100, 563. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. Jackson, B.V.: 1991, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 11,307. ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. Jackson, B.V., Leinert, C.: 1985, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 10,759. ADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Jackson, B.V., Froehling, H.R.: 1995, Astron. Astrophys. 299, 885. ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P.: 2002, Solar Phys. 211, 344. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P.: 2005, In: Gary, D.G., Keller, C.U. (eds.) Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics: Current Status and Future Developments, Astrophys. Space Scien. Lib. 314, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 355. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Jackson, B.V., Rompolt, B., Švestka, Z.: 1988, Solar Phys. 115, 327. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Jackson, B.V., Buffington, A., Hick, P.P.: 2001, In: Marsch, E., Marinez Pillet, V., Fleck, B., Marsden, R. (eds.) Solar Encounter: the First Solar Orbiter Workshop SP-493, ESA, Noordwijk, 251. Google Scholar
  47. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A.: 2002, Proc. SPIE, Waikoloa 4853, 23. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. Jackson, B.V., Howard, R.A., Sheeley, N.R., Jr., Michels, D.J., Koomen, M.J., Illing, R.M.E.: 1985, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 5075. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. Jackson, B.V., Hudson, H.S., Nichols, J.D., Gold, R.E.: 1989, In: Waite, J.H., Jr., Burch, J.L., Moore, R.L. (eds.) Solar System Plasma Physics, Geophysical Monograph 54, 291. Google Scholar
  50. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.L., Kojima, M., Yokobe, A.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 12,049. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Kojima, M., Tokumaru, M., Fujiki, K., Ohmi, T., Yamashita, M.: 2003, In: Velli, M., Bruno, R., Marara, F. (eds.) Proc. Solar Wind X, AIP Conference Proc. 679, 75. Google Scholar
  52. Jackson, B.V., Buffington, A., Hick, P.P., Altrock, R.C., Figueroa, S., Holladay, P.E., Johnston, J.C., Kahler, S.W., Mozer, J.B., Price, S., Radick, R.R., Sagalyn, R., Sinclair, D., Simnett, G.M., Eyles, C.J., Cooke, M.P., Tappin, S.J., Kuchar, T., Mizuno, D., Webb, D.F., Anderson, P.A., Keil, S.L., Gold, R.E., Waltham, N.R.: 2004, Solar Phys. 225, 177. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Jackson, B.V., Buffington, A., Hick, P.P., Wang, X., Webb, D.: 2006, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A04S91. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Jackson, B.V., Boyer, J.A., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Bisi, M.M., Crider, D.H.: 2007, Solar Phys. 241(2), 385. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Jackson, B.V., Bisi, M.M., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Clover, J.M., Sun, W.: 2008a, J. Geophys. Res. 113, A00A15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Bisi, M.M., Clover, J.M., Tokumaru, M.: 2008b, Adv. Geosci. 21, 339. Google Scholar
  57. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Bisi, M.M., Clover, J.M.: 2009, Ann. Geophys. 27, 4097. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.P., Buffington, A., Bisi, M.M., Clover, J.M., Tokumaru, M., Fujiki, K.: 2010, In: Maksimovic, M., Issautier, K., Meyer-Vernet, N., Moncuquet, M., Pantellini, F. (eds.) Proc. Solar Wind 12, AIP. Conf. Proc. 1216, 659. Google Scholar
  59. Jensen, E.A., Bisi, M.M., Mulligan, T.L., Clover, J.M., Hick, P.P., Jackson, B.V.: 2010, Solar Phys., this issue. doi: 10.1007/s11207-010-9543-2.
  60. Kaiser, M.L., Kucera, T.A., Davila, J.M., St. Cyr, O.C., Guhathakurta, M., Christian, E.: 2008, Space Sci. Rev. 136, 5. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Kojima, M., Tokumaru, M., Watanabe, H., Yokobe, A., Asai, K., Jackson, B.V., Hick, P.L.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1981. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. Koomen, M.J., Detwiler, C.R., Brueckner, G.E., Cooper, H.W., Tousey, R.: 1975, Appl. Opt. 14, 743. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  63. Leinert, C., Klüppelberg, D.: 1974, Appl. Opt. 13, 556. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. Leinert, C., Pitz, E.: 1989, Astron. Astrophys. 210, 399. ADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Leinert, C., Richter, I., Planck, B.: 1982, Astron. Astrophys. 110, 111. ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Leinert, C., Link, H., Pitz, E., Salm, N., Klüppelberg, D.: 1975, Raumfahartforschung 19, 264. ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. Leinert, C., Pitz, E., Link, H., Salm, N.: 1981, J. Space Sci. Instrum. 5, 257. ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. Lugaz, N., Vourlidas, A., Roussev, I.I., Jacobs, C., Manchester IV, W.B., Cohen, O.: 2008, Astrophys. J. Lett. 684, 111. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  69. Liu, Y., Davies, J.A., Luhmann, J.G., Vourlidas, A., Bale, S.D., Lin, R.P.: 2010, Solar Phys., submitted. Google Scholar
  70. MacQueen, R.M., Eddy, J.A., Gosling, J.T., Hildner, E., Munro, R.H., Newkirk, G.A., Jr., Poland, A.I., Ross, C.L.: 1974, Astrophys. J. Lett. 187, 85. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  71. Mizuno, D.R., Buffington, A., Cooke, M.P., Eyles, C.J., Hick, P.P., Holladay, P.E., Jackson, B.V., Johnston, J.C., Kuchar, T.A., Mozer, J.M., Price, S.D., Radick, R.R., Simnett, G.M., Sinclair, D., Webb, D.F.: 2005, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A07230. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Moran, T.G., Davila, J.M.: 2004, Science 305(5680), 66. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  73. Morrill, J.S., Korendyke, C.M., Andrews, M., Biesecker, D., Brueckner, G.E., Esfandiari, E., Giovane, F., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M., Lamy, P., Llebaria, A., Michels, D., Moses, D., Plunkett, S.P., Rich, N., Thernisien, A.F., Vourlidas, A., Wang, D.: 2006, Solar Phys. 233, 331. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. Munro, R.H.: 1977. In: Topical Conference on Solar and Interplanetary Physics, Tucson, Arizona, January 12 – 15, 10. Google Scholar
  75. Odstrcil, D., Pizzo, V.J.: 1999, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 483. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  76. Odstrcil, D., Pizzo, V.J., Linker, J.A., Riley, P., Lionello, R., Mikic, Z.: 2004, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 66, 1311. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  77. Ogilvie, K.W., Desch, M.D.: 1997, Adv. Space Res. 20, 559. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  78. Porsche, H. (ed.): 1984, 10 Jahre HELIOS, Festschrift aus Anlaß des 10. Jahrestages des Starts der Sonnensonde Helios am 10. Dezember 1974, DFVLR Oberpfaffenhofen. Google Scholar
  79. Richter, I., Leinert, C., Planck, B.: 1982, Astron. Astrophys. 110, 115. ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. Reiner, M.J., Jackson, B.V., Webb, D.F., Mizuno, D.R., Kaiser, M.L., Bougeret, J.L.: 2005, J. Geophys. Res. 110(A9), A09S14. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Rouillard, A.P., Davies, J.A., Forsyth, R.J., Davis, C.J., Harrison, R.A., Lockwood, M., Bewsher, D., Crothers, S., Eyles, C.J., Hapgood, M.A., Perry, C.H.: 2008, Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, 10110. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  82. Sheeley, N.R., Jr., Michels, D.J., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J.: 1980, Astrophys. J. Lett. 237, 99. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  83. Sheeley, N.R., Herbst, A.D., Palatchi, C.A., Wang, Y.-M., Howard, R.A., Moses, J.D., Vourlidas, A., Newmark, J.S., Socker, D.G., Plunkett, S.P., Korendyke, C.M., Burlaga, L.F., Davila, J.M., Thompson, W.T., St. Cyr, O.C., Harrison, R.A., Davis, C.J., Eyles, C.J., Halain, J.P., Wang, D., Rich, N.B., Battams, K., Esfandiari, E., Stenborg, G.: 2008, Astrophys. J. 675, 853. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  84. Socker, D.G., Howard, R.A., Korendyke, C.M., Simnett, G.M., Webb, D.F.: 2000, Proc. SPIE 4139, 284. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  85. Tappin, S.J.: 2006, Solar Phys. 233, 233. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  86. Tappin, S.J., Howard, T.A.: 2009, Space Sci. Rev. 147, 55. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  87. Tappin, S.J., Buffington, A., Cooke, M.P., Eyles, C.J., Hick, P.P., Holladay, P.E., Jackson, B.V., Johnston, J.C., Kuchar, T., Mizuno, D., Mozer, J.B., Price, S., Radick, R.R., Simnett, G.M., Sinclair, D., Waltham, N.R., Webb, D.F.: 2004, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, 2802. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Tokumaru, M., Kojima, M., Fujiki, K., Yamashita, M., Jackson, B.V.: 2007, J. Geophys. Res. 112, A05106. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Tokumaru, M., Kojima, M., Fujiki, K.: 2010, J. Geophys. Res 115, A04102. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Tousey, R.: 1973, In: Rycroft, M.J., Runcorn, S.K. (eds.) Space Res. 8, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 713. Google Scholar
  91. Vourlidas, A., Howard, R.A.: 2006, Astrophys. J. 642, 1216. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  92. Webb, D.F., Mizuno, D.R., Buffington, A., Cooke, M.P., Eyles, C.J., Fry, C.D., Gentile, L.C., Hick, P.P., Holladay, P.E., Howard, T.A., Hewitt, J.G., Jackson, B.V., Johnston, J.C., Kuchar, T.A., Mozer, J.B., Price, S., Radick, R.R., Simnett, G.M., Tappin, S.J.: 2006, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A12101. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  93. Webb, D.F., Howard, T.A., Fry, C.D., Kuchar, T.A., Odstrcil, D., Jackson, B.V., Bisi, M.M., Harrison, R.A., Morrill, J.S., Howard, R.A., Johnston, J.C.: 2009a, Solar Phys. 256, 239. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  94. Webb, D.F., Howard, T.A., Fry, C.D., Kuchar, T.A., Mizuno, D.R., Johnston, J.C., Jackson, B.V.: 2009b, Space Weather 7, S05002. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. V. Jackson
    • 1
  • A. Buffington
    • 1
  • P. P. Hick
    • 1
    • 3
  • M. M. Bisi
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. M. Clover
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Astrophysics and Space SciencesUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Mathematical and Physical SciencesAberystwythWales, UK
  3. 3.San Diego Supercomputer CenterUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations