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Solar Physics

, Volume 256, Issue 1–2, pp 149–166 | Cite as

Reconstructing the 3-D Trajectories of CMEs in the Inner Heliosphere

  • Shane A. Maloney
  • Peter T. Gallagher
  • R. T. James McAteer
STEREO SCIENCE RESULTS AT SOLAR MINIMUM

Abstract

A method for the full three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of the trajectories of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) using Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) data is presented. Four CMEs that were simultaneously observed by the inner and outer coronagraphs (COR1 and 2) of the Ahead and Behind STEREO satellites were analysed. These observations were used to derive CME trajectories in 3-D out to ∼ 15 R . The reconstructions using COR1/2 data support a radial propagation model. Assuming pseudo-radial propagation at large distances from the Sun (15 – 240 R ), the CME positions were extrapolated into the Heliospheric Imager (HI) field-of-view. We estimated the CME velocities in the different fields-of-view. It was found that CMEs slower than the solar wind were accelerated, while CMEs faster than the solar wind were decelerated, with both tending to the solar wind velocity.

Keywords

Coronal mass ejections, initiation and propagation Coronal mass ejections, interplanetary 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shane A. Maloney
    • 1
  • Peter T. Gallagher
    • 1
  • R. T. James McAteer
    • 1
  1. 1.School of PhysicsTrinity College DublinDublin 2Ireland

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