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Absorption Phenomena and a Probable Blast Wave in the 13 July 2004 Eruptive Event

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Abstract

We present a case study of the 13 July 2004 solar event, in which disturbances caused by eruption of a filament from an active region embraced a quarter of the visible solar surface. Remarkable are the absorption phenomena observed in the SOHO/EIT 304 Å channel, which were also visible in the EIT 195 Å channel, in the Hα line, and even in total radio flux records. Coronal and Moreton waves were also observed. Multispectral data allowed reconstructing an overall picture of the event. An explosive filament eruption and related impulsive flare produced a CME and blast shock, both of which decelerated and propagated independently. Coronal and Moreton waves were kinematically close and both decelerated in accordance with an expected motion of a coronal blast shock. The CME did not resemble a classical three-component structure, probably because some part of the ejected mass fell back onto the Sun. Quantitative evaluations from different observations provide close estimates of the falling mass, ∼3×1015 g, which is close to the estimated mass of the CME. The falling material was responsible for the observed large-scale absorption phenomena, in particular, shallow widespread moving dimmings observed at 195 Å. By contrast, deep quasi-stationary dimmings observed in this band near the eruption center were due to plasma density decrease in coronal structures.

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Correspondence to V. V. Grechnev.

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Radio Physics and the Flare-CME Relationship

Guest Editors: Karl-Ludwig Klein and Silja Pohjolainen

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Grechnev, V.V., Uralov, A.M., Slemzin, V.A. et al. Absorption Phenomena and a Probable Blast Wave in the 13 July 2004 Eruptive Event. Sol Phys 253, 263 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-008-9178-8

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Keywords

  • Corona, radio emission
  • Coronal mass ejections, low coronal signatures
  • Coronal mass ejections, initiation and propagation
  • Prominences, active
  • Radio bursts, microwave (mm, cm)
  • Surges
  • Waves, shock