Advertisement

Solar Physics

, Volume 244, Issue 1–2, pp 25–43 | Cite as

Are CME-Related Dimmings Always a Simple Signature of Interplanetary Magnetic Cloud Footpoints?

  • C. H. Mandrini
  • M. S. Nakwacki
  • G. Attrill
  • L. van Driel-Gesztelyi
  • P. Démoulin
  • S. Dasso
  • H. Elliott
Article

Abstract

Coronal dimmings are often present on both sides of erupting magnetic configurations. It has been suggested that dimmings mark the location of the footpoints of ejected flux ropes and, thus, their magnetic flux can be used as a proxy for the flux involved in the ejection. If so, this quantity can be compared to the flux in the associated interplanetary magnetic cloud to find clues about the origin of the ejected flux rope. In the context of this physical interpretation, we analyze the event, flare, and coronal mass ejection (CME) that occurred in active region 10486 on 28 October 2003. The CME on this day is associated with large-scale dimmings, located on either side of the main flaring region. We combine SOHO/Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope data and Michelson Doppler Imager magnetic maps to identify and measure the flux in the dimming regions. We model the associated cloud and compute its magnetic flux using in situ observations from the Magnetometer Instrument and the Solar Wind Electron Proton Alpha Monitor aboard the Advance Composition Explorer. We find that the magnetic fluxes of the dimmings and magnetic cloud are incompatible, in contrast to what has been found in previous studies. We conclude that, in certain cases, especially in large-scale events and eruptions that occur in regions that are not isolated from other flux concentrations, the interpretation of dimmings requires a deeper analysis of the global magnetic configuration, since at least a fraction of the dimmed regions is formed by reconnection between the erupting field and the surrounding magnetic structures.

Keywords

Coronal mass ejections: low coronal signatures Coronal mass ejections: interplanetary Magnetic field: photosphere Magnetic field: interplanetary 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Attrill, G., Nakwacki, M.S., Harra, L.K., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Mandrini, C.H., Dasso, S., Wang, J.: 2006, Solar Phys. 238, 117. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Attrill, G.D.R., Harra, L.K., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Démoulin, P.: 2007, Astrophys. J. 656, L101. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Benevolenskaya, E.E.: 2004, Astron. Astrophys. 428, L5. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Berger, T.E., Lites, B.W.: 2003, Solar Phys. 213, 213. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Bothmer, V., Schwenn, R.: 1994, Space Sci. Rev. 70, 215. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Bothmer, V., Schwenn, R.: 1998, Ann. Geophys. 16, 1. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Burlaga, L., Sittler, E., Mariani, F., Schwenn, R.: 1981, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 6673. ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Chertok, I.M., Grechnev, V.V.: 2005, Solar Phys. 229, 95. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Chertok, I.M., Grechnev, V.V., Hudson, H.S., Nitta, N.V.: 2004, J. Geophys. Res. 109(A2), A02112. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Crooker, N.U., Gosling, J.T., Kahler, S.W.: 2002, J. Geophys. Res. 107(A2), 1028. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Démoulin, P., Mandrini, C.H., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Lopez Fuentes, M.C., Aulanier, G.: 2002, Solar Phys. 207, 87. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Dasso, S., Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., Luoni, M.L.: 2006, Astron. Astrophys. 455, 349. zbMATHCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Dasso, S., Nakwacki, M.S., Démoulin, P., Mandrini, C.H.: 2007, Solar Phys., in press. Google Scholar
  14. Delaboudiniere, J.P., Artzner, G.E., Brunaud, J., Gabriel, A.H., Hochedez, J.F., Millier, F., et al.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 291. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Delannée, C.: 2000, Astrophys. J. 545, 512. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Delannée, C., Hochedez, J.F., Aulanier, G.: 2007, Astron. Astrophys. 465, 603. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. DeVore, C.R.: 2000, Astrophys. J. 539, 944. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Grechnev, V.V., Chertok, I.M., Slemzin, V.A., Kuzin, S.V., Ignat’ev, A.P., Pertsov, A.A., Zhitnik, I.A., Delaboudinière, J.P., Auchère, F.: 2005, J. Geophys. Res. 110(A9), A09S07. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Green, L.M., López Fuentes, M.C., Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Culhane, J.L.: 2002, Solar Phys. 208, 43. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Green, L.M., Démoulin, P., Mandrini, C.H., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L.: 2003, Solar Phys. 215, 307. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. Gulisano, A.M., Dasso, S., Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P.: 2007, Adv. Space Res., in press. Google Scholar
  22. Hansen, R.T., Garcia, C.J., Hansen, S.F., Yasukawa, E.: 1974, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 86, 500. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Harra, L.K., Sterling, A.C.: 2001, Astrophys. J. 561, L215. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Harrison, R.A., Lyons, M.: 2000, Astron. Astrophys. 358, 1097. ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Hu, Q., Smith, C.W., Ness, N.F., Skoug, R.M.: 2005, J. Geophys. Res. 110(A9), A09S03. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hudson, H.S., Acton, L.W., Freeland, S.L.: 1996, Astrophys. J. 470, 629. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Kahler, S.W., Hudson, H.S.: 2001, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 29239. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. Krall, J., Yurchyshyn, V.B., Slinker, S., Skoug, R.M., Chen, J.: 2006, Astrophys. J. 642, 541. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Leamon, R.J., Canfield, R.C., Jones, S.L., Lambkin, K., Lundberg, B.J., Pevtsov, A.A.: 2004, J. Geophys. Res. 109, A05106. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lepping, R.P., Burlaga, L.F., Jones, J.A.: 1990, J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11957. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lepping, R.P., Szabo, A., DeForest, C.E., Thompson, B.J.: 1997, In: Wilson, A. (ed.) Correlated Phenomena at the Sun, in the Heliosphere and in Geospace, ESA SP-415, 163. Google Scholar
  32. Lin, J., Forbes, T.G.: 2000, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 2375. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Lundquist, S.: 1950, Ark. Fys. 2, 361. MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  34. Luoni, M.L., Mandrini, C.H., Dasso, S., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Démoulin, P.: 2005, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys. 67, 1734. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Lynch, B.J., Gruesbeck, J.R., Zurbuchen, T.H., Antiochos, S.K.: 2005, J. Geophys. Res. 110, A08107. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Green, L.M., López Fuentes, M.C.: 2004, Astrophys. Space Sci. 290, 319. zbMATHCrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Mandrini, C.H., Dasso, S., Luoni, M.L., Pohjolainen, S., Démoulin, P., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L.: 2005a, In: Innes, D.E., Lagg, A., Solanki, S.A. (eds.) Chromospheric and Coronal Magnetic Fields, ESA SP-596, 205. Google Scholar
  38. Mandrini, C.H., Pohjolainen, S., Dasso, S., Green, L.M., Démoulin, P., van Driel-Gesztelyi, L., Copperwheat, C., Foley, C.: 2005b, Astron. Astrophys. 434, 725. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., Schmieder, B., Deluca, E., Pariat, E., Uddin, W.: 2006, Solar Phys. 238, 293. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. Marubashi, K.: 1997, In: Crooker, N., Joselyn, J.A., Feynman, J. (eds.) Coronal Mass Ejections, Geophys. Monograph, Vol. 99, American Geophysical Union, 147. Google Scholar
  41. McComas, D.J., Bame, S.J., Barker, P.L., Delapp, D.M., Feldman, W.C., Gosling, J.T., et al.: 1998, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 4289. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. Nieves-Chinchilla, T., Hidalgo, M.A., Sequeiros, J.: 2005, Solar Phys. 232, 105. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. Nindos, A., Zhang, H.: 2002, Astrophys. J. 573, L133. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  44. Nindos, A., Zhang, J., Zhang, H.: 2003, Astrophys. J. 594, 1033. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. Pevtsov, A.A., Balasubramaniam, K.S.: 2003, Adv. Space Res. 32, 1867. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. Pick, M., Démoulin, P., Krucker, S., Malandraki, O., Maia, D.: 2005a, Astrophys. J. 625, 1019. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Pick, M., Malherbe, J.M., Kerdraon, A., Maia, D.J.F.: 2005b, Astrophys. J. 631, L97. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. Qiu, J., Hu, Q., Howard, T.A., Yurchyshyn, V.B.: 2007, Astrophys. J. 659, 758. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. Rust, D.M.: 1983, Space Sci. Rev. 34, 21. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. Rust, D.M.: 1994, Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 241. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. Ruzmaikin, A., Martin, S., Hu, Q.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108(A2), 1096. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Scherrer, P.H., Bogart, R.S., Bush, R.I., Hoeksema, J.T., Kosovichev, A.G., Schou, J., et al.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 129. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Schmieder, B., Mandrini, C.H., Démoulin, P., Pariat, E., Berlicki, A., Deluca, E.: 2006, Adv. Space Res. 37, 1313. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. Shimazu, H., Vandas, M.: 2002, Earth, Planets, Space 54, 783. ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Skoug, R.M., Gosling, J.T., Steinberg, J.T., McComas, D.J., Smith, C.W., Ness, N.F., Hu, Q., Burlaga, L.F.: 2004, J. Geophys. Res. 109(A09), A09102. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Smith, C.W., L’Heureux, J., Ness, N.F., Acuña, M.H., Burlaga, L.F., Scheifele, J.: 1998, Space Sci. Rev. 86, 613. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. Sonnerup, B.U.O., Scheible, M.: 1998, ISSI Science Report, Sr-001, Kluwer Academic. Google Scholar
  58. Sterling, A.C., Hudson, H.S.: 1997, Astrophys. J. 491, L55. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  59. Stone, E.C., Frandsen, A.M., Mewaldt, R.A., Christian, E.R., Margolies, D., Ormes, J.F., Snow, F.: 1998, Space Sci. Rev. 86, 1. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. Thompson, B.J., Cliver, E.W., Nitta, N., Delannée, C., Delaboudinière, J.P.: 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 1431. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Thompson, B.J., Plunkett, S.P., Gurman, J.B., Newmark, J.S., St. Cyr, O.C., Michels, D.J., Delaboudinière, J.P.: 1998, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2461. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. Wang, J., Zhou, G., Wang, Y., Song, L.: 2003, Solar Phys. 216, 143. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  63. Wang, T., Yan, Y., Wang, J., Kurokawa, H., Shibata, K.: 2002, Astrophys. J. 572, 580. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. Wang, Y., Ye, P., Zhou, G., Wang, S., Wang, S., Yan, Y., Wang, J.: 2005, Solar Phys. 226, 337. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  65. Webb, D.F., Lepping, R.P., Burlaga, L.F., DeForest, C.E., Larson, D.E., Martin, S.F., Plunkett, S.P., Rust, D.M.: 2000, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 27251. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Yurchyshyn, V., Hu, Q., Abramenko, V.: 2005, Space Weather 3, 8. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Yurchyshyn, V.B., Wang, H., Goode, P.R., Deng, Y.: 2001, Astrophys. J. 563, 381. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  68. Zarro, D.M., Sterling, A.C., Thompson, B.J., Hudson, H.S., Nitta, N.: 1999, Astrophys. J. 520, L139. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  69. Zhang, H.Q., Bao, X.M., Zhang, Y., Liu, J.H., Bao, S.D., Deng, Y.Y., et al.: 2003, Chin. J. Astron. Astrophys. 3, 491. ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Zhao, X.P., Hoeksema, J.T.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103(A2), 2077. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  71. Zhitnik, I.A., Bougaenko, O.I., Delaboudiniere, J.P., Ignatiev, A.P., Korneev, V.V., Krutov, V.V., et al.: 2002, In: Kuijpers, J. (ed.) Solar Variability: From Core to Outer Frontiers, ESA SP-506, 915. Google Scholar
  72. Zhukov, A.N., Auchère, F.: 2004, Astron. Astrophys. 427, 705. CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. H. Mandrini
    • 1
  • M. S. Nakwacki
    • 1
  • G. Attrill
    • 2
  • L. van Driel-Gesztelyi
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • P. Démoulin
    • 3
  • S. Dasso
    • 1
    • 5
  • H. Elliott
    • 6
  1. 1.Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio, CONICET-UBABuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Mullard Space Science LaboratoryUniversity College LondonDorking, SurreyUK
  3. 3.Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, UMR 8109 (CNRS)Meudon Principal CedexFrance
  4. 4.Konkoly Observatory of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  5. 5.Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.Southwest Research InstituteSan AntonioUSA

Personalised recommendations