Solar Physics

, Volume 235, Issue 1–2, pp 345–368 | Cite as

Evolution of Coronal Mass Ejections in the Inner Heliosphere: A Study Using White-Light and Scintillation Images

Article

Abstract

Knowledge of the radial evolution of the coronal mass ejection (CME) is important for the understanding of its arrival at the near-Earth space and of its interaction with the disturbed/ambient solar wind in the course of its travel to 1 AU and further. In this paper, the radial evolution of 30 large CMEs (angular width > 150, i.e., halo and partial halo CMEs) has been investigated between the Sun and the Earth using (i) the white-light images of the near-Sun region from the Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO) onboard SOHO mission and (ii) the interplanetary scintillation (IPS) images of the inner heliosphere obtained from the Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT). In the LASCO field of view at heliocentric distances R≤30 solar radii (R ), these CMEs cover an order of magnitude range of initial speeds, V CME≈260–2600 km s−1. Following results have been obtained from the speed evolution of these CMEs in the Sun–Earth distance range: (1) the speed profile of the CME shows dependence on its initial speed; (2) the propagation of the CME goes through continuous changes, which depend on the interaction of the CME with the surrounding solar wind encountered on the way; (3) the radial-speed profiles obtained by combining the LASCO and IPS images yield the factual view of the propagation of CMEs in the inner heliosphere and transit times and speeds at 1 AU computed from these profiles are in good agreement with the actual measurements; (4) the mean travel time curve for different initial speeds and the shape of the radial-speed profiles suggest that up to a distance of ∼80 R , the internal energy of the CME (or the expansion of the CME) dominates and however, at larger distances, the CME's interaction with the solar wind controls the propagation; (5) most of the CMEs tend to attain the speed of the ambient flow at 1 AU or further out of the Earth's orbit. The results of this study are useful to quantify the drag force imposed on a CME by the interaction with the ambient solar wind and it is essential in modeling the CME propagation. This study also has a great importance in understanding the prediction of CME-associated space weather at the near-Earth environment.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anzer, U.: 1980, in M. Dryer and E. Tandberg-Hanssen (eds.), Proc. IAU Symp. 91, 263.Google Scholar
  2. Brueckner, G.E., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J., Korendyke, C.M., Michels, D.J., Moses, J.D., et al.: 1995, Solar Phys. 162, 357.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Cane, H.V. and Reames, D.V.: 1988, Astron. Phys. J. 325, 895.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cane, H.V. and Richardson, I.G.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108, 1156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cane, H.V., Sheeley Jr., N.R., and Howard, R.A.: 1987, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 9867.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cargill, P.J.: 2004, Solar Phys. 221, 135.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Cargill, P.J., Chen., J., Spicer, D.S., and Zalesak, S.T.: 1996, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 4855.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Dal Lago, A., Schwenn, R., and Gonzalez, W.D.: 2003, Adv. Space Res. 32, 2637.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Dryer, M.: 1974, Space Sci. Rev. 15, 403.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Dryer, M.: 1994, Space Sci. Rev. 67, 363.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Dryer, M., Eviatar, A., Frohlich, A., Jacobs, A., Joseph, J.H., and Weber, E.J.: 1974, in G. Newkirk Jr. (ed.), Coronal Disturbances, Proc. IAU Symp. 57, 377.Google Scholar
  12. Gapper, G.R., Hewish, A., Purvis, A., and Duffett-Smith, P.J.: 1982, Nature 296, 633.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Gary, D.E., Dulk, G.A., House, L., Illing, R., Sawyer, C., Wagner, W.J., McLean, D.J., and Hildner, E.: 1984, Astron. Astrophys. 134, 222.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Gonzalez-Esparza, J.A., Lara, A., Perez-Tijerina, E., Santillan, A., and Gopalswamy, N.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108, SSH 9-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gopalswamy, N., Kaiser, M.L., Lepping, R.P., Kahler, S.W., Ogilvie, K., Berdichevsky, D., Kondo, T., Isobe, T., and Akioka, M.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 307.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Gopalswamy, N., Lara, A., Lepping, R.P., Kaiser, M.L., Berdichevsky, D., and St. Cyr, O.C.: 2000, J. Geophys. Res. 27, 145.Google Scholar
  17. Gopalswamy, N., Lara, A., Yashiro, S., Kaiser, M.L., and Howard, R.A.: 2001, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 29207.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Gopalswamy, N., Yashiro, S., Kaiser, M.L., Howard, R.A., and Bougeret, J.-L.: 2002, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gopalswamy, N., Aguilar-Rodriguez, E., Yashiro, S., Nunes, S., Kaiser, M.L., and Howard, R.A.: 2005, J. Geophys. Res. 110, 12S07, doi: 10.1029/2005JA011158.Google Scholar
  20. Gosling, J.T.: 1990, in C.T. Russell, et al. (eds.), AGU Monograph 58, 343.Google Scholar
  21. Gosling, J.T. and Riley, P.: 1996, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2867.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Gosling, J.T., McComas, D.J., Phillips, J.L., and Bame, S.J.: 1991, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 7831.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gosling, J.T., Riley, P., McComas, D.J., and Pizzo, V.J.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1941.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. Han, S.M., Wu., S.T., and Dryer, M.: 1988, Comp. Fluids 16, 81.CrossRefADSMATHGoogle Scholar
  25. Hewish, A., Tappin, S.J., and Gapper, G.R.: 1985, Nature 314, 137.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. Hildner, E.: 1977, in M.A. Shea, et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the L.D. De Feiter Memorial Symposium, p. 3.Google Scholar
  27. Janardhan, P., Balasubramanian, V., Ananthakrishnan, S., Dryer, M., Bhatnagar, A., and McIntosh, P.S.: 1996, Solar Phys. 166, 379.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. Kojima, M., Tokumaru, M., Watanabe, H., Yokobe, A., Asai, K., Jackson, B.V., and Hick, P.L.: 1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1981.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Lepping, R.P., Burlaga, L.F., Szabo, A., Ogilvie, K.W., Mish, W.H., Vassiliadis, D., et al.: 1997, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 14049.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Lindsay, G.M., Luhmann, J.G., Russell, C.T., and Gosling, J.T.: 1999, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 12515.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. Lyubimov, G.P.: 1968, Astron. Tsirk. 488, 4.Google Scholar
  32. MacQueen, R.M.: 1980, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 297, 605.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Manoharan, P.K.: 1993, Solar Phys. 148, 153.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Manoharan, P.K.: 1995, Bull. Astron. Soc. India 23, 399.ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. Manoharan, P.K.: 2003, in H.M. Antia, et al. (eds.), Lectures on Solar Physics, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Vol. 619, p. 299.Google Scholar
  36. Manoharan, P.K. and Ananthakrishnan, S.: 1990, Month. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 244, 691.ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Manoharan, P.K., Kojima, M., and Misawa, H.: 1994, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 23411.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Manoharan, P.K., Ananthakrishnan, S., Dryer, M., Detman, T.R., Leinbach, H., Kojima, M., Watanabe, T., and Kahn, J.: 1995, Solar Phys. 156, 377.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. Manoharan, P.K., Kojima, M., Gopalswamy, N., Kondo, T., and Smith, Z.: 2000, Astrophys. J. 530, 1061.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. Manoharan, P.K., Tokumaru, M., Pick, M., Subramanian, P., Ipavich, F.M., Schenk, K., Kaiser, M.L., Lepping, R.P., and Vourlidas, A.: 2001, Astrophys. J. 559, 1180.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. Manoharan, P.K., Pick, M., and LASCO Consortium.: 2002, in A.P. Rao, et al. (eds.), The Universe at Low Radio Frequencies, Proc. IAU Symp. 199, 426.Google Scholar
  42. Manoharan, P.K., Gopalswamy, N., Yashiro, S., Lara, A., Michalek, G., and Howard, R.A.: 2004, J. Geophys. Res. 109, 6109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Neugebauer, M. and Goldstein, R.: 1997, in N. Crooker, et al. (eds.), Coronal Mass Ejection, AGU Monograph 99, 245.Google Scholar
  44. Odstrcil, D.: 2003, Adv. Space Res. 32, 497.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. Pinter, S.: 1973, Nature Phys. Sci. 243, 96.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Purvis, A., Tappin, S.J., Rees, W.G., Hewish, A., and Duffett-Smith, P.J.: 1987, Month. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 229, 589.ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. Reames, D.V.: 1996, in R. Ramaty, et al. (eds.), AIP Conference Proceedings of the American Institue of Physics, New York, Vol. 374, p. 35.Google Scholar
  48. Rickett, B.J. and Coles, W.A.: 1991, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 1717.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Selvanayagam, A.J., Praveenkumar, A., Nandagopal, D., and Velusamy, T.: 1993, IETE Tech. Rev. 10, 333.Google Scholar
  50. Sheeley Jr., N.R., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J., Michels, D.J., Schwenn, R., Muhlhauser, K.H., and Rosenbauer, H.: 1985, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 163.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Smith, Z. and Dryer, M.: 1990, Solar Phys. 129, 387.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. Srivastava, N. and Venkatakrishnan, P.: 2002, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1287.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. Stewart, R.T.: 1980, in M. Dryer and E. Tandberg-Hanssen (eds.), Proc. IAU Symp. 91, 333.Google Scholar
  54. Sun, W., Deehr, C.S., Fry, C.D., Dryer, M., Smith, Z., and Akasofu, S.-I.: 2003, Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 2044.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. Swarup, G., Sarma, N.V.G., Joshi, M.N., Kapahi, V.K., Bagri, D.S., Damle, S.H., Ananthakrishnan, S., Balasubramanian, V., Bhave, S.S., and Sinha, R.P.: 1971, Nature Phys. Sci. 230, 185.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tappin, S.J.: 1986, Planet. Space Sci. 34, 93.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. Tappin, S.J., Dryer, M., Han, S.M., and Wu, S.T.: 1988, Planet. Space Sci. 36, 1155.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. Tokumaru, M., Mori, H., Tanaka, T., Kondo, T., Takaba, H., and Koyama, Y.: 1991, J. Geomag. Geoelectr. 43, 619.ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. Tokumaru, M., Kojima, M., Fujiki, K., Yamashita, M., and Yokobe, A.: 2003, J. Geophys. Res. 108, 1220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Vandas, M., Fischer, S., Dryer, M., Smith, Z., and Detman, T.: 1996, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 15645.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. Vlasov, V.I.: 1992, in S. Fischer and M. Vandas (eds.), Proceedings of the First SOLTIP Symposium, Czechoslovak Academy of Science, Liblice, Vol. 1, p. 273.Google Scholar
  62. Vilmer, N., Pick, M., Schwenn, R., Ballatore, P., and Villain, J.P.: 2003, Ann. Geophys. 21, 847.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Webb, D.F., Cliver, E.W., Crooker, N.U., St. Cyr, O.C., and Thompson, B.J.: 2000, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 7491.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. Woo, R., Armstrong, J.W., Sheeley Jr., N.R., Howard, R.A., Koomen, M.J., Michels, D.J. and Schwenn, R.: 1985, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 154.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Woo, R., Armstrong, J.W., Bird, M.K., and Patzold, M.: 1995, Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 329.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  66. Yashiro, S., Gopalswamy, N., Michalek, G., St. Cyr, O.C., Plunkett, S.P., Rich, N.B., and Howard, R.A.: 2004, J. Geophys. Res. 109, 7105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zhang, J., Dere, K.P., Howard, R.A., and Bothmer, V.: 2003, Astrophys. J. 582, 520.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radio Astronomy CentreTata Institute of Fundamental ResearchUdhagamandalam (Ooty)India

Personalised recommendations