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Long-Term Changes of Polar Activity of the Sun

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Abstract

We discuss long-time changes of polar activity of the Sun using the new observational data sets in the optical range during 1872–2001. A study of the secular and cycle variations of the magnetic activity at the high-latitude regions is the main goal that includes polar magnetic field reversals during 1872–2001 and secular changes of the duration of polar activity cycles. The secular increase of the area of polar zones during the minimum activity in the last 120 years and as consequence a decrease of coronal temperature of the Sun in the high-latitude zones during the last 50 years. Correlation between the polar cycles of Caii-K bright points with the Wolf sunspot numbers cycles, W(t), and the 22-year polar magnetic cycles of Caii-K bright points at the high latitudes during 1905–1995 is discussed.

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Correspondence to V. I. Makarov.

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Makarov, V.I., Tlatov, A.G. & Callebaut, D.K. Long-Term Changes of Polar Activity of the Sun. Sol Phys 224, 49–59 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-005-5190-4

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Keywords

  • Sunspot Number
  • Polar Activity
  • Polar Zone
  • Secular Change
  • Field Reversal