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Solar Physics

, Volume 225, Issue 1, pp 177–207 | Cite as

The Solar Mass-Ejection Imager (SMEI) Mission

  • B. V. Jackson
  • A. Buffington
  • P. P. Hick
  • R. C. Altrock
  • S. Figueroa
  • P. E. Holladay
  • J. C. Johnston
  • S. W. Kahler
  • J. B. Mozer
  • S. Price
  • R. R. Radick
  • R. Sagalyn
  • D. Sinclair
  • G. M. Simnett
  • C. J. Eyles
  • M. P. Cooke
  • S. J. Tappin
  • T. Kuchar
  • D. Mizuno
  • D. F. Webb
  • P. A. Anderson
  • S. L. Keil
  • R. E. Gold
  • N. R. Waltham
Article

Abstract

We have launched into near-Earth orbit a solar mass-ejection imager (SMEI) that is capable of measuring sunlight Thomson-scattered from heliospheric electrons from elongations to as close as 18 to greater than 90 from the Sun. SMEI is designed to observe time-varying heliospheric brightness of objects such as coronal mass ejections, co-rotating structures and shock waves. The instrument evolved from the heliospheric imaging capability demonstrated by the zodiacal light photometers of the Helios spacecraft. A near-Earth imager can provide up to three days warning of the arrival of a mass ejection from the Sun. In combination with other imaging instruments in deep space, or alone by making some simple assumptions about the outward flow of the solar wind, SMEI can provide a three-dimensional reconstruction of the surrounding heliospheric density structures.

Keywords

Shock Wave Solar Wind Coronal Mass Ejection Helios Simple Assumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. V. Jackson
    • 1
  • A. Buffington
    • 1
  • P. P. Hick
    • 1
  • R. C. Altrock
    • 2
  • S. Figueroa
    • 2
  • P. E. Holladay
    • 2
  • J. C. Johnston
    • 2
  • S. W. Kahler
    • 2
  • J. B. Mozer
    • 2
  • S. Price
    • 2
  • R. R. Radick
    • 2
  • R. Sagalyn
    • 2
  • D. Sinclair
    • 2
  • G. M. Simnett
    • 3
  • C. J. Eyles
    • 3
  • M. P. Cooke
    • 3
  • S. J. Tappin
    • 3
  • T. Kuchar
    • 4
  • D. Mizuno
    • 4
  • D. F. Webb
    • 4
  • P. A. Anderson
    • 5
  • S. L. Keil
    • 6
  • R. E. Gold
    • 7
  • N. R. Waltham
    • 8
  1. 1.Center for Astrophysics and Space SciencesUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaU.S.A.
  2. 2.Air Force Research Laboratory/Space Vehicles Directorate (AFRL/VS)U.S.A.
  3. 3.School of Physics and Space ResearchUniversity of BirminghamU.K.
  4. 4.ISR, Boston CollegeU.S.A.
  5. 5.Boston UniversityBostonU.S.A.
  6. 6.National Solar ObservatorySunspotU.S.A.
  7. 7.Applied Physics LaboratoryJohns Hopkins UniversityLaurelU.S.A.
  8. 8.Space Science DepartmentRutherford-Appleton LaboratoryChiltonU.K.

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