Residential Mobility Decreases the Perception of Social Norm Violations
- 77 Downloads
Social norms are essential but vary across human societies. With the internationalization of human society, the population’s mobility has greatly increased, which can impact people’s psychological states and behaviors. The current research aimed to examine the hypothesis that residential mobility plays a crucial role in the perception of social norm violations with six studies. Studies 1 and 2 used an association test and experimental manipulation, respectively, and found that residential mobility was associated with a decreased perception of weak social norm violations in females. Study 3 further suggested that residential mobility modulates individuals’ perception threshold to social norm violation behavior. Studies 4 and 5 revealed that the relationship between residential mobility and perception of social norm violations is mediated by face threats, and a mini meta-analysis further confirmed the significant effect of residential mobility on the perception of social norm violations. Our findings provide insights into how and why individuals’ perceptions of social norm-violating behaviors vary according to the dynamic development of society. As residential mobility continues to increase worldwide, especially in developing countries, we may observe concomitant changes in the subjective perception of social norms that should be given more attention during social governance.
KeywordsResidential mobility Social norm violations Face threatening
This work was supported by grants from the Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (Project 17YJCZH121) and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (Project 2017A030310553) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (Project 31800916).
KQT and LSY designed the research; KQT, ZYY, XY conducted the experiment; KQT, KZJ and LSY analyzed the data; and KQT, YMH, HLQ, LSY and KZJ wrote the manuscript. All authors commented on the manuscript.
Compliance With Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
All participants gave written informed consent, and the study was approved by the Department of Psychology of Sun Yat-sen University Ethics Committee.
The custom computer code and questionnaire that was used in the main analysis of this study is available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
The deidentified data that support the main findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
- Aiken, L. S., West, S. G., & Reno, R. R. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Sage.Google Scholar
- Baumeister, R. F. (1986). Identity: Cultural change and the struggle for self. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Castles, S., de Haas, H., & Miller, M. (2013). The age of migration-international movements in the modern world (S. Castles Ed. ed.).Google Scholar
- Chu, G. C. (1985). The changing concept of self in contemporary China. In A. J. Marsella, G. DeVos, & F. L. K. Hsu (Eds.), Culture and self: Asian and Western perspectives (pp. 252–277). New York: Tavistock Publications.Google Scholar
- Chu, R. (2006). Social interactions among the Chinese: On the issue of face. Chinese Social Psychological Review,2, 79–106.Google Scholar
- Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. New York: Garden City.Google Scholar
- Goffman, E. (1967). Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face interaction. Oxford: Aldine.Google Scholar
- Ho, D. (1991). The concept of “face” in Chinese-American interaction. In Encountering the Chinese: a guide for Americans, 111–124.Google Scholar
- International Organization for Migration. (2015). World migration 2015: Migrants and cities: New partnerships to manage mobility. Retrieved from Geneva, Switzerland: Author.Google Scholar
- Jonsson, G. (2009). Comparative report: African migration trends. African perspectives on human mobility programme.Google Scholar
- King, A. (1988). Face, shame and the analysis of behavior patterns of the Chinese. In The Psychology of the Chinese, pp. 319–345.Google Scholar
- King, A., & Bond, M. H. (1985). The Confucian paradigm of man: A sociological view. In Chinese culture and mental health, pp. 29–45.Google Scholar
- Krumhuber, E. G., Tsankova, E., & Kappas, A. (2016). Examining subjective and physiological responses to norm violation using text-based vignettes. International Journal of Psychology,53(1), 1–8.Google Scholar
- Lee, M. D., & Wagenmakers, E. J. (2014). Bayesian cognitive modeling: A practical course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Mazzurega, M., Marisa, J., Zampini, M., & Pavani, F. (2018). Thinner than yourself: Self-serving bias in body size estimation. Psychological Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1119-z.
- Wood, W., & Eagly, A. H. (2012). Biosocial construction of sex differeces and similarities in behavior. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology,46, 55–123.Google Scholar