Advertisement

Democracy and Political Trust Before and After the Great Recession 2008: The European Union and the United Nations

  • Bruno ArpinoEmail author
  • Anastassia V. Obydenkova
Original Research
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

The paper investigates the change in the impact of democracy on political trust in national and international institutions, the European Union (EU) and to the United Nations (UN), after the start of the Great Recession 2008. Based on empirical evidence, the paper argues that the impact of the level of democracy on national trust is different from its impact on international trust post-crisis 2008, despite having been similar before 2008. Overall trend is in line with previous findings on decrease in trust to political institutions. In addition to these findings, this paper also demonstrates that the impact of democracy on trust in international institutions has changed radically after the start of the Great Recession. These findings are important for studies on political trust and democracy, on the consequences of the Great Recession, as well as for the comparative research on regional versus global institutions, such as the EU and the UN.

Keywords

Democracy International institutions Political trust Great Recession Public opinion National parliaments European Union United Nations 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for Fung Global Program of the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies at Princeton University and to the colleagues from the Davis Center for Eurasian and Russian Studies at Harvard Universities for their comments and feedback on this research. We thank three anonymous reviewers of Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement for their excellent feedback on this project and their suggestions. Opinions and mistakes in this paper are sole responsibility of the authors.

Supplementary material

11205_2019_2204_MOESM1_ESM.doc (112 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 113 kb)

References

  1. Adam, S., & Maier, M. (2011). National parties as politicizers of EU integration? Party campaign communication in the run-up to the 2009 European Parliament election. European Union Politics, 12(3), 431–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, C. J., & Tverdova, Y. V. (2003). Corruption, political allegiances, and attitudes toward government in contemporary democracies. American Journal of Political Science, 47(1), 91–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Armingeon, K., & Ceka, B. (2014). The loss of trust in the European Union during the great recession since 2007: The role of heuristics from the national political system. European Union Politics, 15(1), 82–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armingeon, K., & Guthmann, K. (2014). Democracy in crisis? The declining support for national democracy in European countries, 2007–2011. European Journal of Political Research, 53(3), 423–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bartels, L. (2014). Ideology and retrospection in electoral responses to the Great Recession. In L. Bartels & N. Bermeo (Eds.), Mass politics in tough times: Opinions, votes and protest in the great recession. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bermeo, N., & Bartels, L. (2014). Mass politics in tough times. In L. Bartels & N. Bermeo (Eds.), Mass politics in tough times: Opinions, votes and protest in the great recession. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boomgaarden, H. G., Schuck, A. R. T., Elenbaas, M., & de Vreese, C. H. (2011). Mapping EU attitudes: Conceptual and empirical dimensions of Euroscepticism and EU support. European Union Politics, 12(2), 241–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Börzel, T. A., & Risse, T. (Eds.). (2016). The Oxford handbook of comparative regionalism. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Bowler, S., & Karp, J. A. (2004). Politicians, scandals, and trust in government. Political Behavior, 26(3), 271–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brewer, P. R., Gross, K., Aday, S., & Willnat, L. (2004). International trust and public opinion about world affairs. American Journal of Political Science, 48(1), 93–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carrubba, C. (1997). Net financial transfers in the European Union: Who gets what and why? Journal of Poltics, 59(2), 469–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chanley, V., Rudolph, T., & Rahn, W. (2000). The origins and consequences of public trust in government. Public Opinion Quarterly, 64, 239–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Christin, T. (2005). Economic and political basis of attitudes towards the EU in Central and East European Countries in the 1990s. European Union Politics, 6(1), 29–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Coppedge, M., Gerring, J., Lindberg, S. I., Skaaning, S.-E., & Teorell, J. (2017). V-dem comparisons and contrasts with other measurement projects. The varieties of democracy institute working paper series 2017:45. Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.Google Scholar
  15. Dancygier, R., & Donnelly, M. (2014). Attitudes toward immigration in good times and bad. In L. Bartels & N. Bermeo (Eds.), Mass politics in tough times: Opinions, votes and protest in the great recession. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Delhey, J. (2007). Do enlargements make the European Union less cohesive? An analysis of trust between EU nationalities. Journal of Common Market Studies, 45(2), 253–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Della Porta, D. (2014). Mobilizing for democracy. Comparing 1989 and 2011. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Diven, P. J., & Constantelos, J. (2011). The domestic foundations of confidence in the United Nations. Peace Studies Journal, 4(2), 1–23.Google Scholar
  19. Egorov, G., Guriev, S., & Sonin, K. (2009). Why resource-poor dictator allow freer media: A theory and evidence from panel data. American Political Science Review, 103(4), 645–668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Eichenberg, R., & Dalton, R. (1993). Europeans and the European Community: The dynamics of public support for European INTEGRATION. International Organization, 47(4), 507–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ervasti, H., Kouvo, A., & Venetoklis, T. (2019). Social and institutional trust in times of crisis: Greece, 2002–2011. Social Indicators Research, 141(3), 1207–1231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fazio, G., Giambona, F., Vassallo, E., & Vassiliadis, E. (2017). A measure of trust: The Italian regional divide in a latent class approach. Social Indicators Research, 140(1), 209–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gabel, M. (1998). Public support for European integration: An empirical test of five theories. Journal of Politics, 60(2), 333–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gomez, R. (2015). The economy strikes back: Support for the EU during the Great Recession. Journal of Common Market Studies, 53(3), 577–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hafner-Burton, E. M., & Schneider, C. J. (2019). The dark side of cooperation: International organizations and member corruption. International Studies Quarterly.  https://doi.org/10.1093/isq/sqz064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hakhverdian, A., & Mayne, Q. (2012). Institutional trust, education, and corruption: A micro–macro interactive approach. Journal of Politics, 74(3), 739–750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Harteveld, E., Van der Meer, T., & De Vries, C. E. (2013). In Europe we trust? Exploring three logics of trust in the European Union. European Union Politics, 14(4), 542–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hobolt, S. (2012). Citizen satisfaction with democracy in the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50(s1), 88–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hooghe, L., & Marks, G. (2005). Calculation, community and cues: Public opinion on European integration. European Union Politics, 6(4), 419–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hudson, J. (2006). Institutional trust and subjective well-being across the EU. KYKLOS, 59(1), 43–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Karp, J. A., Banducci, S. A., & Bowler, S. (2003). To know it is to love it? Satisfaction with democracy in the European Union. Comparative Political Studies, 36(3), 271–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kumlin, S. (2009). Blaming Europe? Exploring the variable impact of national public service dissatisfaction in EU trust. Journal of European Social Policy, 19(5), 408–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lankina, T., Libman, A., & Obydenkova, A. V. (2016). Authoritarian and democratic diffusion in post-communist regions. Comparative Political Studies, 49(12), 1599–1629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Libman, A., & Obydenkova, A. V. (2013). Informal governance and participation in non-democratic international organizations. The Review of International Organizations, 8(2), 221–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Libman, A., & Obydenkova, A. V. (2018a). Understanding authoritarian regionalism. Journal of Democracy, 29(4), 151–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Libman, A., & Obydenkova, A. V. (2018b). Regional international organizations as a strategy of autocracy: The Eurasian Economic Union and Russian foreign policy. International Affairs, 94(5), 1037–1058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Marien, S. (2011). The effect of electoral outcomes on political trust: A multi-level analysis of 23 countries. Electoral Studies, 30(4), 712–726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Marien, S., & Hooghe, M. (2011). Does political trust matter? An empirical investigation into the relation between political trust and support for law compliance. European Journal of Political Research, 50(2), 267–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mau, S. (2005). Europe from the bottom: Assessing personal gains and losses and its effects on EU support. Journal of Public Policy, 25(3), 289–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mayne, Q., & Hakhverdian, A. (2017). Ideological congruence and citizen satisfaction: Evidence from 25 advanced democracies. Comparative Political Studies, 50(6), 822–849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. McLaren, L. (2007). Explaining mass-level Eurosceptism: Identity, interests, and institutional distrust. Acta Politica, 42, 233–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mishler, W., & Rose, R. (2001). What are the origins of political trust? Testing institutional and cultural theories in post/communist societies. Comparative Political Studies, 34(1), 30–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Morris, S. D., & Klesner, J. L. (2010). Corruption and trust: Theoretical considerations and evidence from Mexico. Comparative Political Studies, 43(10), 1258–1285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Muñoz, J., Torcal, M., & Bonet, E. (2011). Institutional trust and multilevel government in the European Union: Congruence or compensation? European Union Politics, 12(4), 551–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Newton, K. (2001). Trust, social capital, and democracy. International Political Science Review, 22(2), 201–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Obydenkova, A. (2008). Regime transition in the regions of Russia: The freedom of mass media: Transnational impact on sub-national democratization? European Journal of Political Research, 47(2), 221–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Obydenkova, A. (2012). Democratization at the grassroots: The European Union’s external impact. Democratization, 19(2), 230–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Obydenkova, A. V., & Arpino, B. (2018). Corruption and trust in the European Union and national institutions: Changes over the Great Recession across European states. Journal of Common Market Studies, 56(3), 594–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Obydenkova, A. V., & Libman, A. (2019). Authoritarian regionalism in the world of international organizations: Global perspective and Eurasian enigma. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Obydenkova, A. V., & Rodrigues Vieira, V. G. (2019). The limits of collective financial statecraft: Regional development banks and voting alignment with the United States at the United Nations general assembly. International Studies Quarterly.  https://doi.org/10.1093/isq/sqz080.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Orttung, R. (2015). Nations in transit 2015: Russia. New York: Freedom House.Google Scholar
  52. Rohrschneider, R. (2002). The democracy deficit and mass support for an EU-wide government. American Journal of Political Science, 46(2), 463–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Skaaning, S. E. (2018). Different types of data and the validity of democracy measures. Politics and Governance, 6(1), 105–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Snijders, T. A. B., & Bosker, R. J. (2012). Multilevel analysis: An introduction to basic and advanced multilevel modelling (2nd ed.). Sage Publishers: London.Google Scholar
  55. Soroka, S., & Wlezien, C. (2014). Economic crisis and support for redistribution in the United Kingdom. In L. Bartels & N. Bermeo (Eds.), Mass politics in tough times: Opinions, votes and protest in the great recession. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Steenbergen, M. R., & Jones, B. S. (2002). Modeling multilevel data structures. American Journal of Political Science, 46(1), 218–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Torgler, B. (2008). Trust in international organizations: An empirical investigation focusing on the United Nations. Review of International Organization, 3, 65–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Uslaner, E. M. (2017). The historical roots of corruption: Mass education, economic inequality, and state capacity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Uslaner, E. M. (Ed.). (2018a). The Oxford handbook of social and political trust. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Uslaner, E. M. (2018b). The study of trust. In E. M. Uslaner (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of social and political trust (pp. 3–13). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  61. Van der Meer, T. W. G. (2017). Political trust and the “crisis of democracy”. In W. R. Thompson (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of politics. Oxford research encyclopedias. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved May 21, 2019, from https://oxfordre.com/politics/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228637-e-77?print=pdf.
  62. Van der Meer, T. W. G. (2018). Economic performance and political trust. In N. Y. New York (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of social and political trust (pp. 599–616). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Van Erkel, P., & Van Der Meer, T. (2016). Macroeconomic performance, political trust and the Great Recession: A multilevel analysis of the effects of within-country fluctuations in the corruption and trust in the EU and national institutions macroeconomic performance on political trust in 15 EU countries, 1999–2011. European Journal of Political Research, 55, 177–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Vieira, R. V. (2018). Who joins counter-hegemonic IGOs? Early and late members of the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. Research & Politics.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2053168018770031.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni ‘G. Parenti’ (DiSIA)Università degli Studi di Firenze – UniFIFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals (IBEI)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.National Research University - Higher School of Economics (NRU-HSE)MoscowRussia
  4. 4.Institute for Economic Analysis Spanish National Research Council (IAE-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations