Social Indicators Research

, Volume 147, Issue 1, pp 345–359 | Cite as

Latent Character Strength Profile and Grouping Effects

  • Wenjie DuanEmail author
  • Bo Qi
  • Junrong Sheng
  • Yuhang Wang
Original Research


Previous studies have shown that personality types may lead to different health status. The current study aims to refine a previous typological profile of strength using a heterogeneous sample (N = 5776) and clarify further the associations between strength profiles and mental wellbeing (e.g., flourishing), mental illbeing (e.g., depression, anxiety, and stress), strength knowledge, and strength use. Latent profile analysis was implemented to distinguish subgroups on the basis of the three-dimensional inventory of character strengths (e.g., self-control, inquisitiveness, and caring). Results refined previous findings and indicated three specific profiles, namely, Strength, Common, and Risk Groups. The Strength Group scored relatively high on self-control and inquisitiveness but low on caring; the Common Group scored relatively high on caring; and the Risk Group had relatively high scores on self-control. As expected, the Strength Group had the highest strength knowledge and strength use, whereas the Risk Group had the least strength knowledge and strength use. The three proposed profiles have significant differences of anxiety, stress, and flourishing; however, the difference of depression between the Strength and Risk Groups was insignificant compared with the Common Group. This study can be helpful in refining strength typologies for future effective strength-based interventions.


Latent profile analysis Character strength Strength profile Mental health Strength-based intervention 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The Human Subjects Ethics Sub-Committee of the Department of Sociology and Wuhan University approved this study. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Written informed consent was obtained by click a button from the participants before they completed the survey.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social and Public Administration SchoolEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Management and EconomicsXi’an Technological UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of SociologyWuhan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of SociologyUniversity of Notre DameSouth BendUSA

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