Social Indicators Research

, Volume 141, Issue 3, pp 1165–1188 | Cite as

Innovation, Development and National Indices

  • Kjell HauskenEmail author
  • John F. Moxnes


The paper shows for 127 countries that innovation correlates positively with human development, GDP per capita, education, IQ, democracy, and military expenditure per capita, negatively with inequality Gini, and more negatively with war. Regression shows with statistical significance that innovation increases with democracy and decreases with war, increases with human development and decreases with inequality Gini, and increases with democracy, military expenditure per capita, education, GDP per capita, and IQ. Innovation is modeled logistically with carrying capacity determined by the eight indices. Thereafter democracy and war are modeled as dynamic processes coupled with the innovation process. We illustrate how innovation, democracy and war change through time depending on various characteristics. The analysis tools enable countries to assess how their processes interact with innovation.


Innovation Development National indices Democracy War Regression Differential equations 

JEL Classification

H56 D74 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of StavangerStavangerNorway
  2. 2.Land Systems DivisionNorwegian Defence Research EstablishmentKjellerNorway

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