Social Indicators Research

, Volume 142, Issue 2, pp 689–712 | Cite as

Evaluation and Management of Urban Liveability: A Goal Programming Based Composite Indicator

  • Beatriz Valcárcel-AguiarEmail author
  • Pilar Murias


This paper proposes a composite indicator intended to assess the degree of liveability provided by urban areas. This synthetic index makes two essential contributions to previous research. Firstly, it starts from a series of specifically urban partial indicators and dimensions. Secondly, the technique used to estimate the goal-programming-based index (Blancas et al. in Ecol Econ 69:2158–2172, 2010) enables urban managers to actively participate in constructing the indicator. The instrument was tested by estimating the index for a number of Spanish cities. The results reveal significant differences in the degree of liveability based on geographical location, population and functional hierarchy. Its application to Spain further highlights the tool’s potential for liveability analysis by varying urban manager profiles.


Urban liveability Urban management Composite indicator Goal programming Spanish cities 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Quantitative Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiagoSpain
  2. 2.Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiagoSpain

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