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Social Indicators Research

, Volume 138, Issue 3, pp 853–872 | Cite as

The Evolution of Educational Inequalities in Spain: Dynamic Evidence from Repeated Cross-Sections

  • Álvaro Choi
  • María Gil
  • Mauro Mediavilla
  • Javier Valbuena
Original Research

Abstract

A lack of longitudinal data prevents many countries from estimating dynamic models and, thus, from obtaining valuable evidence for policymaking in the field of education. This is the case of Spain, where recent education reforms have targeted secondary schools, but their design has been based on incomplete information regarding the evolution of student performance and far from robust evidence concerning just when educational inequalities are generated. This paper addresses the absence of longitudinal data required for performing such analyses by using a dynamic model with repeated cross-sectional data. We are able to link the reading competencies of students from the same cohort that participated in two international assessments at different ages (9/10 and 15/16) and so identify when educational gaps—in terms of gender, socio-economic status and place of birth—emerge. Our results suggest that educational inequalities in Spain originate in lower educational levels. These results stress the importance of early intervention for improving performance during the compulsory education and for tackling educational inequalities.

Keywords

Academic achievement Educational inequalities Pseudo-panel PIRLS PISA 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Areces Foundation through its XIII National Contest for Research in Social Sciences and the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (project EDU2016-76414-R).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity Autónoma of MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity of ValenciaValenciaSpain
  4. 4.ZaragozaSpain

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