Social Indicators Research

, Volume 137, Issue 3, pp 923–947 | Cite as

Developing Residential Social Cohesion Index for High-Rise Group Housing Complexes in India

  • Soumi MuhuriEmail author
  • Sanghamitra Basu


This study aimed to develop a social cohesion index for understanding the social relation between residents in high-rise group housing complexes through a self-reported questionnaire. As a background of the study, literature on social cohesion and related literature on residents’ social relation in high-rise housing were reviewed. Later, we selected different high-rise group housings of Kolkata, a city in the eastern region of India. We conducted few focus group surveys involving the residents of those high-rises and also conducted expert opinion surveys to identify a context-specific list of statements for evaluating residential social cohesion. Finally, based on the responses of interviews from 652 residents of the identified high-rise housings from the same city, followed by confirmatory factor analyses, three factors of residential social cohesion were identified with adequate reliability and validity. This index holds huge potential to explore residential social relation in high-rise housing and carry out empirical studies, across various disciplines, in other cities in the country and outside the country of similar socio-economic and cultural context.


CFA Delphi Expert opinion survey Focus group survey High-rise group housing Index Residential social cohesion 



We sincerely thank the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur for providing the necessary facilities and also the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), India, for funding the research programme carried out in the Institute.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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