The Association Between Generalized Trust and Physical and Psychological Health Across Societies
- 560 Downloads
Prior research found that physical and psychological health are positively associated with generalized trust of others. This association is known to vary across societies, though the extent of this variation and its source remains poorly understood. The current research examined whether differences in development across societies describe why the effects of trust on health differ across societies. Drawing on the dataset from the World Values Survey, we found that the participants’ generalized trust was associated with their physical health, happiness, and life satisfaction. Multi-level analysis showed that these associations varied substantially across societies. For physical health and happiness, the variation was related to differences in societal development. Generalized trust was more strongly associated with physical health and happiness in developed societies than in developing societies.
KeywordsTrust Health Cross-national Generalized trust
- Everson, S. A., Kauhanen, J., Kaplan, G. A., Goldberg, D. E., Julkunen, J., Tuomilehto, J., et al. (1997). Hostility and increased risk of mortality and acute myocardial infarction: The mediating role of behavioral risk factors. American Journal of Epidemiology, 146(2), 142–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Garson, D. G. (2012). Hieararchical linear modeling: Guide and applications. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Hamamura, T., Chan, D., Li, L., & Zhang, X. (2016). Is trusting others related to better health? An investigation of older adults across six non-Western countries. (in press).Google Scholar
- Putnam, R. D. (2001). Bowling Alone: The collapse and revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
- Raudenbush, S. W., Bryk, A. S., & Congdon, R. (2004). HLM 6 for Windows [Computer software]. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.Google Scholar
- United Nations Development Programme. (2000). Human Development Report. http://hdr.undp.org/.
- United Nations Development Program. (2011). Human Development Report. http://hdr.undp.org/.
- World Values Survey Association. (2014). World Values Survey. http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/.