The Validity of the Day Reconstruction Method in the German Socio-economic Panel Study
The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) is a useful tool for evaluating short-term changes in emotional experiences over a variety of daily situations. However, traditional method of collecting DRM data can be time-intensive for both researchers and participants. In this paper we provide evidence that a random-sampling approach to DRM assessment can provide useful data that are largely consistent with previous research that used the full version of the DRM. In a nationally representative sample of 2303 people, we demonstrate that (1) there is variability in emotional ratings of episodes that replicates what has been found in prior studies, (2) correlations with global measures are typically small in magnitude (<0.30), (3) correlations with personality are for the most part negligible, (4) correlations with global ratings of domain satisfaction are higher for domain-relevant situations, and (5) parents report more positive affect while providing care for their children when compared to other activities, and this effect can account for the observed differences in emotional experiences of parents and non-parents.
KeywordsDay Reconstruction Method Subjective well-being Validity Measurement Affect Parenting
- Anusic, I., Lucas, R. E., & Donnellan, M. B. (2015). Comparing the reliability and validity of global self-report measures of subjective well-being to day reconstruction measures. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
- Gray, J. A. (1987). The neuropsychology of emotion and personality. In S. M. Stahl & S. D. Iversen (Eds.), Cognitive neurochemistry (pp. 171–190). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kahneman, D. (1999). Objective happiness. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 3–25). New York, NY: Russell Sage.Google Scholar
- Richter, D., & Schupp, J. (2012). SOEP Innovation Sample (SOEP-IS): Description, structure, and documentation. Retrieved from http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.407141.de/diw_sp0463.pdf.
- Robinson, M. E., & Riley, J. L. (1998). The role of emotion in pain. In R. J. Gatchel & D. C. Turk (Eds.), Psychosocial factors in pain (pp. 74–89). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Samuel, H. (2009). Nicolas Sarkozy wants to measure economic success in ‘happiness’. The Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/6189530/Nicolas-Sarkozy-wants-to-measure-economic-success-in-happiness.html.
- Stiglitz, J. E., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J. (2009). Report by the commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress. Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Retrieved from http://www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr/documents/rapport_anglais.pdf.
- Stratton, A. (2010). Happiness index to gauge Britain’s national mood. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2010/nov/14/happiness-index-britain-national-mood.
- University of Waterloo (2011). CIW releases Canada’s first-ever index to measure national wellbeing. Retrieved from http://uwaterloo.ca/applied-health-sciences/news/ciw-releases-wellbeing-index.
- Wagner, G. G., Frick, J. R., & Schupp, J. (2007). The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP): Scope, evolution and enhancements. Schmollers Jahrbuch, 127, 139–169.Google Scholar