Why People Like Where They Live: Individual- and Community-Level Contributors to Community Satisfaction
- 1.1k Downloads
Using multi-level modeling in 26 communities, this study examines contributors to three domains of community satisfaction—overall satisfaction, social life satisfaction, and infrastructure satisfaction. Human capital/demographic and social capital/network contributors emerge at both the individual and community levels in accounting for variation in community satisfaction. Some effects remain the same across levels and domains, but some effects differ. For example, living near family members increases satisfaction in all domains at the individual level, but at the community level, it decreases satisfaction in all domains. Residing in communities high in urbanicity reduces overall satisfaction, but has no effect on infrastructure satisfaction. Moreover, both individual and community level factors matter and impact community satisfaction.
KeywordsCommunity Satisfaction Domains of satisfaction Multi-level modeling
- Aviram, R. (2009). The relational origins of prejudice: A convergence of psychoanalytic and social cognitive perspectives. Lanham, MD: Jarson Aronson.Google Scholar
- Belsky, E. S. (2013). The dream lives on: The future of homeownership in America. Working Paper W11=4ed. Cambridge, MA: Joint Center for Housing Studies.Google Scholar
- Bramley, G., & Karley, N. (2007). Homeownership, poverty, and educational achievement: School effects as neighbourhood effects. Housing Studies, 22(5), 693–721.Google Scholar
- Campbell, A., Converse, P., & Rodgers, W. (1976). The quality of American life: Perceptions, evaluations, and satisfaction. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
- Federal Reserve (2013). http://www.frbsf.org/econanswers/crisis.htm.
- Fields, D., Justa, F., Libman, K., Sargert, S., & Clark, H. (2007). Understanding responses to the threat of foreclosure among low income homeowners. New York: Center for Human Environment, Graduate Center of the City University of New York.Google Scholar
- Fischer, C. (1982). To dwell among friends: Personal networks in town and city. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Friedman, Thomas L. (2007). The world is flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century (updated and expanded). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux press.Google Scholar
- Grinstein-Weiss, M., Key, C., Yeo, Y., Yoo, J., Holub, K., Taylor, A., & Tucker, J. (2012). Homeownership, neighbourhood characteristics and children’s positive behaviours among low- and moderate-income households. Urban Studies, 49(16), 3545–3563.Google Scholar
- Haurin, D., Parcel, T., & Haurin, J. (2002). Does homeownership affect child outcomes? Real Estate Economics, 30(4), 635–666.Google Scholar
- Holupka, S., & Newman, S. (2012). The effects of homeownership on children’s outcomes: Real effect or self-selection? Real Estate Economics, 40(3), 566–602.Google Scholar
- James, O. (2011). Performance measures and democracy: Information effects of citizens in field and laboratory experiments. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 21(3), 399–418.Google Scholar
- Jost, J. T., Banaji, M. R., & Nosek, B. A. (2004). A decade of system justification theory: Accumulated evidence of conscious and unconscious bolstering of the status quo. Political Psychology, 25(6), 881–919.Google Scholar
- Long, A., & Perkins, D. (2007). Community social and place predictors of sense of community: A multilevel and longitudinal analysis. Journal of Community Psychology, 35(5), 563–581.Google Scholar
- Long, D., & Perkins, D. (2003). Confirmatory factor analysis of the sense of community index and development of a brief SCI. Journal of Community Psychology, 31(3), 279–296.Google Scholar
- Lyon, L., & Driskell, R. (2012). The community in urban society. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
- Lyons, W.E., Lowery, D., & DeHoog, R. (1993). The politics of dissatisfaction: Citizens, services, and urban institutions. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- MacArthur Foundation (2013). “How housing matters: Americans’ attitudes transformed by the housing crisis, changes in lifestyles.” http://www.macfound.org/press/press-releases/how-housingmatters-survey-finds-american-attitudes-transformed-housing-crisis-changes-lifestyle/.
- Newman, S., & Harkness, J. (2002). The long-term effects of public housing on self-sufficiency. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 21(1), 21–43.Google Scholar
- Oldenburg, R. (1999). The great good place: Cafes, coffee shops, bookstores, bars, hair salons, and other hangouts at the heart of a community. Washington, DC: Marlowe & Company.Google Scholar
- Pollack, C., & Lynch, J. (2009). Health status of people undergoing foreclosure in the philadelphia region. American Journal of Public Health, 99(10), 1833–1839.Google Scholar
- Rappaport, J. (2009). The increasing importance of quality of life. Journal of Economic Geography, 9(6), 779–804.Google Scholar
- Raudenbush, S., & Bryk, A. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Riffkin, R., (2014). City satisfaction highest in Fort Collins-Loveland, Colo. Gallup. http://www.gallup.com/poll/168485/city-satisfaction-highest-fort-collins-loveland-colo.aspx.
- Roskruge, M., Grimes, A., McCann, P., & Poot, J. (2012). Social capital and regional social infrastructure investment: Evidence from New Zealand. International Regional Science Review, 35(1), 3–25.Google Scholar
- Rossi, P., & Weber, E. (1996). The social benefits of homeownership: Empirical evidence from national surveys. Housing Policy Debate, 7(1), 1–35.Google Scholar
- The Knight Foundation. (2010). Why people love where they live and why it matters: A national perspective. http://www.soulofthecommunity.org/sites/default/files/OVERALL.pdf.
- Tonnies, F. (1887). Community and society. Mineola, NY: Courier Dover Publications.Google Scholar