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Social Indicators Research

, Volume 123, Issue 3, pp 799–816 | Cite as

Measuring Participation: Development and Validation the Participatory Behaviors Scale

  • Cosimo TalòEmail author
  • Terri Mannarini
Article

Abstract

Studies of political and civic engagement have revealed that different types of participatory behaviors exist. Relying on Ekman and Amnå’s (Human Aff 22(3):283–300, 2012) participation typology, we developed a new measure, the Participatory Behaviors Scale (PBS), to analyze four dimensions of participation: formal political participation, activism, civil participation and disengagement. As proposed by Ekman and Amnå, disengagement is a genuine and active style of participation. A study was conducted on a sample of community residents (N = 566) to examine the statistical validity and psychometric properties of the PBS. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the second-order factor structure of PBS (composed of four first-order factors, i.e., disengagement, civil participation, formal political participation and activism) produced the most satisfactory fit indexes. The reliability and validity of the scale were verified. The scale was then tested on a second sample of voters. The methodological and theoretical implications are discussed, and further developments are outlined.

Keywords

Political participation Civic engagement Participation scale Reliability and validity analyses 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History, Society and Human StudiesUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly

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