Advertisement

Social Indicators Research

, Volume 119, Issue 2, pp 599–626 | Cite as

The Socioemotional Well-Being Index (SEWBI): Theoretical Framework and Empirical Operationalisation

  • Eduardo BericatEmail author
Article

Abstract

This article presents the design, process of construction, content and validation of the Socioemotional Well-Being Index. This index is a composite indicator of subjective well-being, and has been designed with the aim of providing a measurement device for the sociological analysis of the subjective components of quality of life and social quality. Two spheres of knowledge have been combined in its construction: research in social indicators, the recent development of which has been oriented toward the elaboration of composite indicators, and the theoretical content developed in recent decades by the sociology of emotions. As a composite indicator, the index presented in this article offers a hierarchical and multidimensional alternative to the univariate scales measuring happiness and satisfaction most often used in social research. In addition, in comparison to measures of subjective well-being grounded in cognitive evaluations, this index is based on the evaluation of a series of emotional states recently experienced by individuals. The conceptual definition of socioemotional well-being is based on Thomas Kemper’s social interactional theory of emotions and Randall Collins’ theory of interaction ritual chains. A “4 factor, 10 variable” solution has been obtained by applying common factor analysis to the data of the European Social Survey, 2006.

Keywords

Subjective well-being SWB Socioemotional well-being Sociology of emotions Composite indicators Social indexes Quality of life Social quality Status Power Life satisfaction Happiness Emotional energy 

References

  1. Albright, J. J., & Park, H. M. (2009). Confirmatory factor analysis using Amos, LISREL, Mplus, and SAS/STAT CALIS. Working paper. The University Information Technologies Services (UITS) Center for Statistical and Mathematical Computing, Indiana University.Google Scholar
  2. Arbuckle, J. L. (2010). IBM SPSS Amos 19. User’s guide. Chicago: SPSS.Google Scholar
  3. Batista-Foguet, J. M., Coenders, G., & Alonso, J. (2004). Análisis factorial confirmatorio. Su utilidad en la validación de cuestionarios de Salud. Medicina Clínica, 122(Suppl 1), 21–27.Google Scholar
  4. Bericat. (2012a). The European Gender Equality Index: Conceptual and analytical issues. Sociol Indicators Research, 108, 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bericat. (2012b). “Emotions”. Sociopedia, 2–13, International Sociological Association (ISA). http://www.isa-sociology.org/publ/sociopedia-isa/sociopedia-isa-list-of-published-entries.htm.
  6. Bericat, E. (2014a). Matrimonio, desigualdad de género y bienestar socioemocional de los miembros de la pareja. In A. García y O. Sabido (Eds.), Cuerpo y afectividad en la sociedad contemporánea. Algunas rutas del amor y de la experiencia sensible en las ciencias sociales contemporáneas. Mexico: UAM-A (in press).Google Scholar
  7. Bericat, E. (2014b). The subjective well-being of working women in Europe. In M. Connerley, & J. Wu (Eds.), Handbook on well-being of working women. The Quality of Life Research Series. Springer (in press).Google Scholar
  8. Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bradburn. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  10. Carmines, E. G., & Zeller, R. A. (1979). Reliability and validity assessment. Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cea D’Ancona, M. A. (2002). Análisis multivariable. Teoría y práctica en la investigación Social. Madrid: Síntesis.Google Scholar
  12. CIS. (2011). Estudio no. 2923. Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas. http://www.cis.es/cis/opencm/ES/1_encuestas/estudios/ver.jsp?estudio=12104&cuestionario=14278&muestra=19819.
  13. CMEPSP. (2009). Report by the Commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress. www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr/documents/rapport_anglais.pdf.
  14. Collins, R. (1981). On the microfoundations of macrosociology. American Journal of Sociology, 86(5), 984–1014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Collins, R. (1990). Stratification, emotional energy, and the transient emotions. In Th. D. Kemper (Ed.), Research agendas in the sociology of emotions (pp. 27–57). Albany, NY: State University NY Press.Google Scholar
  16. Collins, R. (2004). Interaction ritual chains. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Davidov, E., Schmidt, P., & Schwartz, S. (2008). Bringing values back in the adequacy of the European Social Survey to measure values in 20 countries. Public Opinion Quarterly, 72(3), 420–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. De Smedt, M. (2013). Measuring subjective well-being in the European Satatistical System (ESS). Social Indicators Research, 114(1), 153–167.Google Scholar
  19. Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542–575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Diener, E. (1994). Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities. Social Indicator Research, 31, 103–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Diener, E., Inglehart, R., & Tay, L. (2012). Theory and Validity of Life Satisfaction Scales. Social Indicators Research,. doi: 10.1007/s11205-012-0076-y.Google Scholar
  22. Diener, E., & Lucas, R. E. (1999). Personality and subjective well-being. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  23. Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Prieto, Ch., Choi, D., Oishi, Sh., et al. (2010). New well-being measures: Short Scales to asses flourishing and positive an negative feeling. Social Indicators Research, 97, 143–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Durkheim, E. (1951). The suicide. A study of Sociology. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  26. Easterlin, R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In P. A. David & M. W. Reder (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth: Essays in honor of Moses Abramowitz (pp. 89–125). New York: Academic Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. ESS. (2006). Eurpean Social Survey, ESS3-2006 Edition 3.3. http://ess.nsd.uib.no/ess/round3/.
  28. Field, A. (2000). Discovering statistics using SPSS for windows. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  29. Freud, S. (1948). Inhibitions, symptoms, and anxiety. London: Hogarth Press.Google Scholar
  30. Goffman, E. (1967). Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face behavior. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  31. Gorsuch, R. L. (1983). Factor analysis. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  32. Halleröd, B., & Seldén, D. (2012). The multi-dimensional characteristics of wellbeing: How different aspects of wellbeing interact and do not interact with each other. Social Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s11205-012-0115-8.Google Scholar
  33. Hicks, S., Tinkler, L., & Allin, P. (2013). Measuring subjective well-being and its potencial role in policy: Perspectives from the UK office for national statistics. Social Indicators Research, 114(1), 73–86.Google Scholar
  34. Hochschild, A. R. (1983). The managed heart: The commercialization of human feeling. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  35. Huppert, F. A., Andrew, C., Frey, B., Marks, N., & Siegrist, J. (2005). Personal and social well-being: Creating indicators for a flourishing Europe. http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=220&Itemid=309.
  36. Huppert, F. A., Marks, N., Siegrist, J., Vázquez, C., & Vitterso, J. (2010). Personal and social well-being. http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=321&Itemid=388.
  37. Huppert, F. A., & So, T. T. (2013). Flourishing across Europe: Application of a new conceptual framework for defining well-being. Social Indicators Research, 110, 837–861.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kemper, Th. D. (1978). A social interactional theory of emotions. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  39. Kemper, Th. D. (1990). Social relations and emotions: A structural approach. In Th. D. Kemper (Ed.), Research agendas in the sociology of emotions (pp. 207–237). Albany, NY: State University NY Press.Google Scholar
  40. Kemper, Th. D. (2006). Power and status and the power-status theory of emotions. In J. E. Stets & J. H. Turner (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of emotions. Springer Science: Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  41. Kemper, Th. D., & Collins, R. (1990). Dimensions of microinteraction. The American Journal of Sociology, 96(1), 32–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  43. Krueger, A. B. (Ed.). (2009). Measuring subjective well-being of nations: National accounts of time use and well-being. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  44. Lhéritier, J. L. (2012). Measuring well-being in France. In H.-H. Noll (Ed.), Social monitoring and reporting in Europe 2012. Subjective Indicators: Usefulness and Information Potential for Policy Making.Google Scholar
  45. Long, J. S. (1983). Confirmatory factor analysis. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  46. Michaelson, J., Abdallah, S., Steuer, N., Thompson, S., & Marks, N. (2009). National accounts of well-being: Bringing real wealth onto the balance sheet. London:NEF. http://www.unicef.org/lac/National_Accounts_of_Well-being(1).pdf.
  47. Nardo, M., Saisana, M., Saltelli, A., Tarantola, S., Hoffman, A., & Giovannini, E. (2005). Handbook on constructing composite indicators: Methodology and user guide. Paris: OECD Statistics Working Paper.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Noll, H.-H. (2013). Subjective social indicators: Benefits and limitations for policy making—An introduction to this special issue. Social Indicators Research, 114(1), 1–11.Google Scholar
  49. Nussbaum, M. C. (2001). Upheavals of thought. The intelligence of emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. OECD. (2012). European conference on measuring well-being and fostering the progress of societies. http://www.oecd.org/site/progresseurope/europeanconferenceagenda.htm.
  51. Oswald, A. J. (2010). Emotional prosperity and the Stiglitz Commission. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 48(4), 651–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Plummer, K. (2012). A manifesto for a critical humanism in sociology: on questioning the human social world. http://kenplummer.wordpress.com/manifestos/a-manifesto-for-a-critical-humanism-in-sociology/.
  53. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Scheff, Th. J. (1988). Shame and conformity: The deference-emotion system. American Sociological Review, 53, 395–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Scheff, Th. J. (1990). Microsociology: Discourse, emotion and social structure. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  56. Scheff, Th. J. (2000). Shame and the social bond: A sociological theory. Sociological Theory, 18, 84–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Seligman, M. E. P. (1975). Helplessness: On depression, development, and death. New York: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  58. Sennett, R., & Cobb, J. (1972). The hidden injuries of class. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  59. Stets, J. E. (2010). Future directions in the sociology of emotions. Emotion Review, 2(3), 265–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Tay, L., Chan, D., & Diener, E. (2013). The metrics of societal happiness. Social Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s11205-013-0356-1.
  61. Tinkler, L., & Hicks, S. (2011). Measuring subjective well-being. Office for National Statistics (ONS). http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/user-guidance/well-being/publications/measuring-subjective-well-being.pdf.
  62. Turner, J. H., & Stets, J. E. (2005). The sociology of emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Turner, J. H. & Stets, J. E. (2006). Sociological theories of human emotions. Annual Review of Sociology, 32, 25–52.Google Scholar
  64. Veenhoven, R. (1968). Geluk als onderwerp van wetenschappelijk onderzoek [Happiness as a subject of scientific research]. Sociologische Gids, 17, 115–122.Google Scholar
  65. Veenhoven, R. (1984). Conditions of happiness. Dordrecht: Reidel.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Veenhoven, R. (2008). Sociological theories of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being: A tribute to Ed Diener (pp. 44–61). New York: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
  67. Viterso, J. (2004). Subjective well-being versus self-actualization: Using the flow-simplex to promote a conceptual clarification of subjective quality of life. Social Indicator Research, 65, 299–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Weber, M. (1978). Economy and society. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  70. Wilkinson, I. (2005). Suffering: A sociological introduction. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  71. Wilson, W. (1967). Corrrelates of avowed happiness. Psychological Bulletin, 67, 294–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Wu, C. H., & Yao, G. (2007). Examining the relationship between global and domain measures of quality of life by three factor structure models. Social Indicators Research, 84(2), 189–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Faculty of CommunicationUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain

Personalised recommendations