Social Indicators Research

, Volume 118, Issue 2, pp 515–522 | Cite as

Life Satisfaction of Adolescents in Hunan, China: Reliability and Validity of Chinese Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS)

  • Man YeEmail author
  • Lezhi Li
  • Yingxia Li
  • Ruoling Shen
  • Shali Wen
  • Jingping ZhangEmail author


There are few short scales focused on life satisfaction for adolescents in China. This study aims to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS) by survey of a random sample of 2,406 adolescents aged from 12 to 18 years old in Hunan, China. Internal consistency reliability was 0.772, 0.742 and 0.799 for the total sample, the boys and the girls, respectively; test–retest reliability ranged from 0.807 to 0.913 for five items and the total BMSLSS; all item total correlations ranged from 0.580 to 0.740 while inter item correlations ranged from 0.189 to 0.465. All five items were found to be loaded satisfactorily on a single factor model. BMSLSS was highly correlated with overall satisfaction and self-esteem. There were significant differences between genders for domains of friends, school, and self and for overall life satisfaction. We conclude that the Chinese version of the BMSLSS is a reliable and valid instrument, with good construct validity for Chinese adolescents of both genders.


Life satisfaction Reliability Validity Adolescent psychology Self-esteem 



This work was funded by the Natural Science Fund of Hunan Province (#06JJ4045) and the Scholarship Award for Excellent Doctoral Students granted by the Ministry of Education (#107801006). We are grateful to Professor E. Scott Huebner at the University of South Carolina for permission to use the BMSLSS in our research. We thank all the teachers who helped us recruit the participants. We are also grateful to all the students and their caregivers who so willingly participated in this study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Nursing School of Central South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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