The Latent Profiles of Life Domain Importance and Satisfaction in a Quality of Life Scale
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The present study aimed to use a latent profile analysis to distinguish between populations in terms of life domain importance and satisfaction profiles. Then, a multinomial logistic regression was used to determine how background variables (e.g., gender, living areas, and school levels) and self-perceived health predict each latent quality of life (QoL) profile. We also investigated how the latent groups of adolescents predicted negative and positive well-being indicators (e.g., problem behaviors and overall life satisfaction). The sample consisted of 720 Taiwanese secondary school students. Three latent groups were established as follows: “unimportant-unsatisfied,” “important-unsatisfied,” and “important-satisfied.” The results indicate the following: (a) boys were more likely to fall into the “unimportant-unsatisfied” group than were girls; (b) better health increased the likelihood of being in the “important-satisfied” group; (c) high school students were more likely to be in the “unimportant-unsatisfed” group than were middle school students; and (d) no relationship was found between latent groups and living areas. The function of importance rating was not present when evaluating the importance-satisfaction profiles and their relationship with problem behaviors and overall life satisfaction. The problems of the “unimportant-unsatisfied” profile among youth are discussed.
KeywordsQuality of life Life domain importance Life satisfaction Latent profile model
This research is part of the “Taiwan Student Physical and Mental Development Study” funded by the ROC National Academy of Educational Research (NAER-95-24-A-2-01-00-2-14). Additional support came from the ROC National Science Council through two projects: “The Net and Taiwan Adolescents’ Physical and Mental Development” (NSC 97-2631-S-009-001) and “Internet Use and Well-being of Taiwan Students: Longitudinal Analysis and the Extension of Fact Bank” (NSC-100-2631-S-009-001 and NSC-101-2631-S-009-001).
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