Factors that Influence the Life Satisfaction of Women Living in the Northern Cyprus
- 551 Downloads
The main aim of this paper is to evaluate the life satisfaction among women living in the Northern Cyprus by focusing on socio-economic and gender related factors. Within this context, we aim to analyze the influence of socio-personal characteristics of Northern Cypriot women in regard to life satisfaction. To fulfill these objectives, a questionnaire survey has been applied to 510 women living in the major cities of Northern Cyprus. Applying an ordered logit model, this paper examines the role of several factors such as normal and social reference income, employment, and savings, health, and education, participation in the household expenditures, being a full-time housewife, domestic violence, political preferences, and perception of government performance on life satisfaction. The results demonstrate that good health, high education, high income, saving, high household income has positive effects on life satisfaction whereas domestic violence, being a full-time housewife, unemployment and social reference income has negative effects on life satisfaction.
KeywordsLife satisfaction Women in Northern Cyprus Turkish Cypriots Ordered logit model
The authors would like to thank Istanbul University Research Project Department (BAP) for funding and Muharrem Faiz, director of Cyprus Social Research (KADEM) for applying this survey.
- Argyle, M. (1999). Causes and correlates of happiness. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 353–373). New York: Russel Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
- Bjørnskov, C., Dreher, A., & Fischer, J. A. V. (2007). On gender equality and life satisfaction: Does discrimination matter? University of St. Gallen, Economics Discussion Paper No. 2007-07. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.980629. Accessed June 25, 2012.
- Boserup, E. (1970). Women’s role in economic development. London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
- Cockburn, C. (2004). The line: Women, partition and the gender order in Cyprus. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
- Dusenberry, J. S. (1949). Income saving and the theory of consumer behaviors. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Easterlin, R. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? In P. A. David & M. W. Reder (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth: Essays in honor of Moses Abramowitz (pp. 89–125). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- European Commission, Turkish Cypriot Community. (2012). http://ec.europa.eu/cyprus/turkish_cypriots/index_en.htm. Accessed January 1, 2013.
- Güven-Lisaniler, F. (2003). Assessing the status of women: A step toward gender equality. Nicosia, Cyprus: Turkish Cypriot University Women’s Association Publication.Google Scholar
- Güven-Lisaniler, F. (2006). Gender equality in North Cyprus (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). Women in the Mediterranean Mirror. http://www.iemed.org/publicacions/quaderns/7/133_Guven.pdf. Accessed at: September 20, 2011.
- Hadjipavlou, M. (2010). Women and change in Cyprus: Feminisms and gender in conflict. London: Tauris Academic Studies.Google Scholar
- Kabasakal, Z., & Girli, A. (2012). An Investigation of views and experiences of university students regarding violence against women in terms if several variables and their relation with students’ life satisfaction (DEU, Buca Faculty of education sample). Dokuz Eylül University Social Sciences Institute Journal, 14(2), 105–112.Google Scholar
- Kenny, A., & Kenny, C. (2006). Life, liberty, and the pursuit of utility. Exeter, UK: Imprint.Google Scholar
- Levin, J. S., & Chatters, L. M. (1998). Research on religion and mental health: An overview of empirical findings and theoretical issues. In H. G. Koenig (Ed.), Handbook of religion and mental health (pp. 70–84). San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Momsen, J. H. (2010). Women and development in the third world (2nd ed.). London, New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Nye, F. I. (1963). Marital interaction. In F. Nye & L. W. Hoffman (Eds.), The employed mother in America (pp. 263–282). Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
- Santos, C. (2007). Estimating individual total costs of domestic violence (Vol. 71). Open Discussion Papers in Economics from The Open University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. http://www.capabilityapproach.com/pubs/Santos07.pdf. Accessed July 26, 2012.
- Scott, J. E. (2003). Coffee shop meets casino: Cultural responses to casino tourism in northern cyprus. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11(2–3), 266–279.Google Scholar
- Sousa, L., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2001). Life satisfaction. In J. Worell (Ed.), Encylopedia of women and gender: Sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender (pp. 667–676). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- State Planning Organization (SPO). (2006, 2010, 2011). http://www.devplan.org/. Accessed January 20, 2012.
- World Bank. (2011). Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+). http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.CACT.FE.ZS/countries?display=graph. Accessed June 20, 2012.
- Veenhoven, R. (1997). Progres dans la comprehension du bonheur. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie, 18, 29–74.Google Scholar
- Veenhoven, R. (2004). Happiness as an aim in public policy. The greatest happiness principle. In A. Linley & S. Joseph (Eds.), Positive psychology in practice (pp. 658–678). Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley.Google Scholar