Social Indicators Research

, Volume 111, Issue 3, pp 665–681 | Cite as

School Satisfaction Among Adolescents: Testing Different Indicators for its Measurement and its Relationship with Overall Life Satisfaction and Subjective Well-Being in Romania and Spain

  • Ferran CasasEmail author
  • Sergiu Bălţătescu
  • Irma Bertran
  • Mònica González
  • Adrian Hatos


This paper presents results from two samples of adolescents aged 13–16 from Romania and Spain (N = 930 + 1,945 = 2,875). The original 7-item version of the Personal Well-Being Index (PWI) was used, together with an item on overall life satisfaction (OLS) and a set of six items related to satisfaction with school. A confirmatory factor analysis of the six school satisfaction items shows good fit statistics when relating them to a latent variable. However, said latent variable does not show a good fit when related to the OLS or the PWI. Tests have led to the conclusion that the item that best summarises satisfaction with school is “satisfaction with my life as a student”. Adding this item to the PWI-7 has shown a good fit with Structural Equation Modeling and higher standardised loading on the OLS. The analysis developed here, while confirming that the inclusion of a domain on satisfaction with school life contributes to the PWI with unique variance (2.5 % in this research), also offers an explanation for the surprising results obtained for adolescents in other countries (e.g. in Australia, Tomyn and Cummins in Soc Indicat Res 101(3):405–418 2010) by showing that satisfaction with friends at school and satisfaction with classmates did not significantly contribute to satisfaction with school. Our results suggest that school satisfaction is highly related to satisfaction with teachers, but weakly related to overall life satisfaction, while satisfaction with school friends and satisfaction with classmates are highly related to overall life satisfaction, but weakly related to satisfaction with school. Satisfaction with life as a student seems to be the item that best reconciles this “paradox” (in adults’ eyes), at least with our samples of Romanian and Spanish adolescents.


Adolescents School satisfaction Subjective well-being Life satisfaction Romania Spain 



The Spanish team would like to acknowledge the financial support received from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science through the National Plan of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation: Research project on Psychological well-being and aspired values in different groups of adolescent and adult population: relationships with leisure time and the use of NICTs, reference SEJ2007-62813/PSIC. The Romanian team would like to acknowledge funding received from Bihor County Council granted to Youth Direction Bihor (project: “Nu fi victimă”).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ferran Casas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sergiu Bălţătescu
    • 2
  • Irma Bertran
    • 1
  • Mònica González
    • 1
  • Adrian Hatos
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute on Quality of LifeUniversitat de GironaGironaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Sociology, Social Work and PhilosophyUniversity of OradeaOradeaRomania

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