Electronic Bullying and Victimization and Life Satisfaction in Middle School Students
- 2.2k Downloads
This study examined the nature and prevalence of electronic bullying and victimization in a sample of middle school students in a southeastern USA school. Relationships among measures of electronic bullying and victimization and global and domain-specific life satisfaction were also investigated. A total of 855 7th and 8th grade US students responded to questions regarding global and domain-based life satisfaction, electronic bullying and victimization behaviors. Although a majority of students reported not engaging in or being the victim of electronic bullying, the small percentage of students who did report these behaviors as being problematic indicated that the behaviors occurred several times a week. Statistically significant correlates of electronic bullying were self-reported grades in school, gender, and parent marital status. Significant correlates of victimization were self-reported grades in school, parent marital status, and ethnicity. The results suggested modest, but pervasive relationships between experiences of electronic bullying and victimization and adolescents’ life satisfaction reports across a variety of important life domains. When the effects of demographic variables were controlled, the relationship between electronic victimization and global life satisfaction became non-significant, suggesting that global life satisfaction reports may mask the effects of specific life satisfaction domains.
KeywordsBullying Electronic bullying Electronic victimization Life satisfaction
- Batsche, G., & Knoff, H. (1994). Bullies and their victims: Understanding a pervasive problem in the schools. School Psychology Review, 23, 165–174.Google Scholar
- Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 41, 137–153.Google Scholar
- Brown, K., Jackson, M., & Cassidy, W. (2006). Cyber-bullying: Developing policy to direct responses that are equitable and effective in addressing this special form of bullying. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, 57(1), 1–36.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Cook, C. R., Williams, K. R., Guerra, N. G., & Tuthill L. (2007). Cyberbullying: What it is and what we can do about it? NASP Communiqué, 36(1), 4–5.Google Scholar
- DeBell, M., & Chapman, C. (2003). Computer and internet use by children and adolescents in the United States, 2001 (NCES 2004–014). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.Google Scholar
- Fight Crime: Invest in Kids. (2006). One of three teens and one of six preteens are victims of cyber bullying [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.fightcrime.org/state/pennsylvania/news/1-3-teens-1-6-preteens-are-victims-cyber-bullying.
- Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2007a). Cyberbullying victim and offender warning signs. Cyberbullying Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.cyberbullying.us/cyberbullyingwarningsigns.pdf.
- Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. (2007b). Cyberbullying victimization and self-esteem. In Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia. 2010-06-07 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p201344_index.html.
- Lenhart, A., Madden, M., & Hitlin, P. (2005). Teens and technology: Youth are leading the transition to a fully wired and mobile nation. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Retrieved from http://pweinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_teens_Tech_July2005.web.pdf.
- Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Olweus, D. (1996). The revised Olweus bully/victim questionnaire. Norway: University of Bergen.Google Scholar
- Vossekuil, B., Fein, R., Reddy, M., Borum, R., & Modzelesku, W. (2002). The final report and findings of the safe school initiative: Implications for the preventions of school attacks in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education.Google Scholar
- Willard, N. (2006). Flame retardant. School Library Journal, 52, 55–56.Google Scholar