Social Indicators Research

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 109–116 | Cite as

Revisiting the Structure of Subjective Well-Being in Middle-Aged Adults

  • Magda ChmielEmail author
  • Martin Brunner
  • Romain Martin
  • Daniela Schalke


Subjective well-being is a broad, multifaceted construct comprising general satisfaction with life, satisfaction with life domains (health, family, people, free time, self, housing, work, and finances), positive affect, and negative affect. Drawing on representative data from middle-aged adults (N = 738), the authors used three different structural models to analyze the interrelationships among these facets of subjective well-being. In a top-down model, a single factor representing global subjective well-being explained the correlations found among the more specific facets of subjective well-being and exerted the strongest influence on general satisfaction with life, satisfaction with health, and satisfaction with finances. In a bottom-up model, satisfaction with the latter two domains had the strongest effect on global subjective well-being. The authors discuss the implications of their findings for research on subjective well-being.


Subjective well-being Satisfaction with life Positive affect Negative affect Bottom-up model Top-down model 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magda Chmiel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Martin Brunner
    • 1
  • Romain Martin
    • 1
  • Daniela Schalke
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS)University of LuxembourgWalferdangeLuxembourg

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