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Sustainable Development Index in Hong Kong: Approach, Method and Findings

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Sustainable development is a priority area of research in many countries and regions nowadays. This paper illustrates how a multi-stakeholders engagement process can be applied to identify and prioritize the local community’s concerns and issues regarding sustainable development in Hong Kong. Ten priority areas covering a wide range of community’s concerns in relation to the economic growth, societal development and environmental protection have been identified. An index is then constructed based on these priority areas to track the public’s views on the progress of Hong Kong towards a more sustainable city.

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    “Fist five” is a consensus-building tool that enables group members to indicate the extent to which they support a decision, e.g. five fingers indicates unwavering support and a fist indicates absolute disagreement with the way forward. Depending on the number of fingers shown, from none to five, the group can effectively gauge the level of support for an outcome and then discuss it until the group agrees on or accepts the outcome or decision.


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The authors would like to thank the reviewer for constructive and helpful comments. The development of HKSDI is a joint project conducted by the Canadian Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong and the City University of Hong Kong. The authors would like to thank the Canadian Chamber of Commerce for providing the financial sponsorship on data collection and valuable advice on the interpretation of results. The project is partially sponsored by the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry, P. R. China.

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Correspondence to Geoffrey K. F. Tso.

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Tso, G.K.F., Yau, K.K.W. & Yang, C.Y. Sustainable Development Index in Hong Kong: Approach, Method and Findings. Soc Indic Res 101, 93–108 (2011).

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  • Economic growth
  • Environmental protection
  • Societal development
  • Sustainable development