Social Indicators Research

, Volume 100, Issue 1, pp 171–183 | Cite as

Participation and well-Being Among Older Adults Living with Chronic Conditions

  • Dana AnabyEmail author
  • William C. Miller
  • Janice J. Eng
  • Tal Jarus
  • Luc Noreau
  • PACC Research Group


This study explored the unique contribution of participation (daily activities and social roles) in explaining well-being of older adults living with chronic conditions and examined which aspect of participation (accomplishment of participation or satisfaction with participation) was more important in describing their well-being. Two hundred older adults with chronic conditions completed the following assessments: Satisfaction with Life Scale to measure well-being; Assessment of Life Habits to evaluate two aspects of participation: (a) accomplishment of daily activities and social roles and (b) level of satisfaction with participation; Interpersonal Support Evaluation List to assess level of social support and Affect Balance scale to measure level of balance confidence. In addition, participants’ level of mobility was assessed using the Timed Up and Go test. Regression analysis was performed. Results indicated that number of chronic conditions, social support and satisfaction with participation had a significant contribution to well-being and altogether explained 31% of its variance whereas accomplishment of participation did not play as significant role in the model. In conclusion, participation has a unique contribution to older adults’ well-being where satisfaction with participation rather than the accomplishment of activities is of importance. Additional aspects of participation and level of disability are key factors identified for further inquiry.


Participation Well-being Social environment Chronic conditions Aging 



We acknowledge operating funds from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the British Columbia Medical Services Foundation and salary support from CIHR (to Drs. Eng and Miller) and Michael Smith Foundation of Health Research (to Dr. Eng). Dana Anaby was supported by a Strategic Training Fellowship in Rehabilitation Research from the Canadian Institute of Health Research Musculoskeletal and Arthritis Institute.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dana Anaby
    • 1
    Email author
  • William C. Miller
    • 2
  • Janice J. Eng
    • 3
  • Tal Jarus
    • 2
  • Luc Noreau
    • 4
  • PACC Research Group
  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational TherapyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Department of Physical TherapyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  4. 4.Department of RehabilitationLaval UniversityQuebecCanada

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